Zhu Qiang

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A clustering algorithm is proposed in this paper, which is based on discussion of multi-agent meta-heuristic architecture of the ant colony optimization algorithm. The multi-agent architecture of ant colony optimization meta-heuristic includes three levels. Level-0 agents build solutions, level-l agents improve solutions and level-2 agents update pheromone(More)
This essay examines the work of China Academic Library and Information System (CALIS), an academic library community that has established resource sharing in a network environment. More specifically , it examines CALIS's work in the developed Eastern and the underdeveloped Western regions in China and considers how CALIS has used information technology to(More)
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