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There are ethnic differences in the prevalence and severity of hypertension and asthma and in beta-2 adrenergic receptor (BAR2)-mediated vascular responses. Two common polymorphisms of the human BAR2, Arg16 to Gly and Gln27 to Glu, are associated with alterations in BAR2 response, both in vitro and in vivo. Ethnic differences in disease manifestations and(More)
The incidence of the S-mephenytoin polymorphism was compared in two Chinese ethnic groups, Han (n = 101) and Bai (n = 202) by phenotype and genotype analysis. The frequency of poor metabolizers (PMs) in Han vs. Bai subjects was 19.8% vs. 13.4%. Han subjects had a higher frequency of the mutant CYP2C19m1 allele (0.366 vs. 0.257, P < .01) and a lower(More)
X-linked hypophosphatemia (XLH) is caused by inactivating mutations of PEX, an endopeptidase of uncertain function. This defect is shared by Hyp mice, the murine homologue of the human disease, in which a 3' Pex deletion has been documented. In the present study, we report that immortalized osteoblasts derived from the simian virus 40 (SV40) transgenic Hyp(More)
There is evidence that the sex-dependent expression of individual forms of the human cytochrome P450s (CYPs) results in gender-related differences in the hepatic metabolism of certain drugs. Previous work has shown that conflicting evidence exists relating to the sex differences in the activity of (S)-mephenytoin 4'-hydroxylase (CYP2C19). Accordingly, we(More)
BACKGROUND Response inhibition, an important domain of executive function (EF), involves the ability to suppress irrelevant or interfering information and impulses. Previous studies have shown impairment of response inhibition in high functioning autism (HFA) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), but more recent findings have been(More)
Renal injury has a strong relationship to the subsequent development of renal fibrosis. In developing renal fibrosis, tubular epithelial cells in the kidney underwent epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Matrix metalloproteinase 7 (MMP7) was reported to reduce E-cadherin and induce EMT by up-regulation of β-catenin/lymphoid enhancer-binding factor 1(More)
The 4'-hydroxylation of S-mephenytoin exhibits a polymorphism in humans, with the poor metabolizer phenotype exhibiting a lower frequency in white (3% to 5%) than in Oriental populations (13% to 23%). Two mutations in CYP2C19 (CYP2C19m1 and CYP2C19m2) have recently been described that account for approximately 85% of white and 100% of Japanese poor(More)
Although the CBFA1 gene encodes an osteoblast-specific transcription factor that regulates osteoblast differentiation, uncertainty exists about the organization of its 5' end and the relevance of a novel N-terminal sequence identified in the mouse Cbfa1/Osf2 isoform. We found the novel 5' Cbfa1/Osf2 sequence is encoded by a previously unrecognized upstream(More)
Our previous work has suggested that the calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) receptor antagonist CGRP-(8-37) can abolish the protective effect of ischemic preconditioning in the isolated rat heart. Therefore we tested the hypothesis that CGRP- or capsaicin-induced preconditioning protects against ischemia-reperfusion injury in the isolated perfused rat(More)
The mouse Cbfa1 gene potentially encodes several proteins that differ in their N-terminal sequences, including an osteoblast-specific transcription factor, Cbfa1/Osf2, a Cbfa1 isoform (Cbfa1/iso), and the originally described Cbfa1 gene product (Cbfa1/org). Uncertainty exists about the function of these potential isoforms of the Cbfa1 gene. To examine the(More)