Zhongxing Zhang

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OBJECTIVE To investigate the relationship between leptin and cytokines in depressed patients. METHODS Thirty-three unmedicated patients (24 female, nine male) with depressive disorder and 23 healthy controls (16 female, seven male) were assessed for serum levels of interleukin (IL)-6, IL-1beta, tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and leptin. (More)
BACKGROUND Although screening for maternal red blood cell antibodies during pregnancy is a standard procedure, the prevalence and clinical consequences of non-anti-D immunization are poorly understood. The objective was to create a national database of maternal antibody screening results that can be linked with population health registers to create a(More)
Vasomotion is important in the study of vascular disorders, including stroke. Spontaneous low and very low hemodynamic oscillations (3-150 mHz) measured with near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) reflect the endothelial (3-20 mHz), neurogenic (20-40 mHz) and myogenic (40-150 mHz) components of vasomotion. We investigated sleep-specific patterns of vasomotion by(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES Current knowledge on hemodynamics in sleep is limited because available techniques do not allow continuous recordings and mainly focus on cerebral blood flow while neglecting other important parameters, such as blood volume (BV) and vasomotor activity. DESIGN Observational study. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTINGS Continuous measures of(More)
Intrathoracic pressure (ITP) swings challenge many physiological systems. The responses of cerebral hemodynamics to different ITP swings are still less well-known due to the complexity of cerebral circulation and methodological limitation. Using frequency-domain near-infrared spectroscopy and echocardiography, we measured changes in cerebral, muscular and(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the changes of soluble interleukin-2 receptor(sIL-2R) in serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with delayed encephalopathy after acute carbon monoxide poisoning (DEACMP). METHODS There were 31 patients with DEACMP, 32 patients with other encephalopathy and 31 controls in this study. The levels of sIL-2R in serum and CSF were(More)
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSA) and restless legs syndrome (RLS) with periodic limb movement during sleep (PLMS) are two sleep disorders characterized by repetitive respiratory or movement events associated with cortical arousals. We compared the cerebral hemodynamic changes linked to periodic apneas/hypopneas with arousals (AHA) in four OSA-patients(More)
The integration of near-infrared spectroscopy and electroencephalography measures presents an ideal method to study the haemodynamics of sleep. While the cortical dynamics and neuro-modulating influences affecting the transition from wakefulness to sleep is well researched, the assumption has been that individual slow waves, the hallmark of deep sleep, are(More)
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