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Erianthus arundinaceus is a valuable source of agronomic traits for sugarcane improvement such as ratoonability, biomass, vigor, tolerance to drought and water logging, as well as resistance to pests and disease. To investigate the introgression of the E. arundinaceus genome into sugarcane, five intergeneric F1 hybrids between S. officinarum and E.… (More)
Palladium-catalyzed cross-coupling reactions between benzyl, aryl, or allyl bromides and conjugated ene-yne-ketones lead to the formation of 2-alkenyl-substituted furans. This novel coupling reaction involves oxidative addition, alkyne activation-cyclization, palladium carbene migratory insertion, β-hydride elimination, and catalyst regeneration. Palladium… (More)
Transition metal-catalyzed C-H functionalization has evolved into a prominent and indispensable tool in organic synthesis. While nitrogen, phosphorus and sulfur-based functional groups (FGs) are widely employed as effective directing groups (DGs) to control the site-selectivity of C-H activation, the use of common FGs (e.g. ketone, alcohol and amine) as DGs… (More)
Herein we report a direct β-arylation of simple ketones with widely available aryl iodides, combining palladium-catalyzed ketone oxidation, aryl-halide activation, and conjugate addition through a single catalytic cycle. Simple cyclic ketones with different ring-sizes, as well as acyclic ketones, can be directly arylated at the β-position with complete… (More)
Direct arylation of cyclopentanones has been a long-standing challenge because of competitive self-aldol condensation and multiple arylations. Reported herein is a direct mono-α-C-H arylation of cyclopentanones with aryl bromides which is enabled by palladium/amine cooperative catalysis. This method is scalable and chemoselective with broad functional-group… (More)
Described is a new hydrazone-based exo-directing group (DG) strategy developed for the functionalization of unactivated primary β C-H bonds of aliphatic amines. Conveniently synthesized from protected primary amines, the hydrazone DGs are shown to site-selectively promote the β-acetoxylation and tosyloxylation via five-membered exo-palladacycles. Amines… (More)
A series of 3-arylthio-1,3-disubstituted-oxindoles were prepared in good yields by the reaction of α-diazocarbonyl compounds and sulfenamides. The reaction involves a Rh-catalyzed thia-Sommelet-Hauser-type rearrangement.