Zhongxiang Zhao

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Salt stress is one of the most significant adverse abiotic factors, causing crop failure worldwide. So far, a number of salt stress-induced genes, and genes improving salt tolerance have been characterized in a range of plants. Here, we report the isolation and characterization of a salt stress-induced Medicago sativa (alfalfa) gene (MsRCI2A), which showed(More)
BACKGROUND Triptolide, an active ingredient extracted from the Chinese herb Tripterygium wilfordii Hook f., has multiple pharmacological properties, including anti-inflammatory, immune-modulatory, and anti-proliferative activities. However, the hepatotoxicity of triptolide always limits its clinical applications. HYPOTHESIS/PURPOSE Farnesoid X receptor(More)
Four new flavan-4-ol glycosides, abacopterins A-D (1-4), were isolated from a methanol extract of the rhizomes of Abacopteris penangiana, together with two known compounds, triphyllin A (5) and 6,8-dimethyl-7-hydroxy-4'-methoxyanthocyanidin-5-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (6). Their structures were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic analysis and chemical(More)
Diammonium glycyrrhizinate (DG), an active compound extracted and purified from liquorices root, has been reported to exhibit antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect and underlying mechanisms of DG on the hepatotoxicity induced by valproic acid (VPA). DG at the dose of 60mg/kg was orally administered(More)
Desmodium styracifolium (D. styracifolium) has been widely used in traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of urolithiasis. This work was undertaken to investigate extracts from different polarity fractions of D. styracifolium for possible antilithic effects as well as antioxidant potential to explore the underlying phytochemically active(More)
Six new flavanone glycosides (1-6) were isolated from the methanol extract of the rhizomes of Cyclosorus acuminatus, together with the parent flavanone glycoside 2a. Their structures were established on the basis of spectroscopic and chemical methods. All compounds showed moderate activity against Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae.
BACKGROUND Tanshinone IIA (Tan), the main active component of Salvia miltiorrhiza, has been demonstrated to have antioxidant activity. Acetaminophen (APAP), a widely used antipyretic and analgesic, can cause severe hepatotoxicity and liver failure when taken overdose. Oxidative stress has been reported to be involved in APAP-induced liver failure. PURPOSE(More)
OBJECT The authors' institution previously reported a 69% rate of crude local control for surgical management of lateral ventricle metastases at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center. For comparison, the authors here report their institutional experience with use of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) to treat intraventricular metastases. METHODS(More)
UNLABELLED Cisplatin is a potent anti-cancer agent for various types of tumors. However, the clinical use of cisplatin is often limited by its nephrotoxicity. This study reports that WZ tablet (WZ, a preparation of an ethanol extract of Schisandra sphenanthera) mitigates cisplatin-induced toxicity in renal epithelial HK-2 cells and in mice. Pretreatment of(More)