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Knowledge about the intrinsic functional architecture of the human brain has been greatly expanded by the extensive use of resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). However, the neurophysiological correlates and origins of spontaneous fMRI signal changes remain poorly understood. In the present study, we characterized the power modulations(More)
Anatomic and behavioral evidence shows that TE and perirhinal cortices are two directly connected but distinct inferior temporal areas. Despite this distinctness, physiological properties of neurons in these two areas generally have been similar with neurons in both areas showing selectivity for complex visual patterns and showing response modulations(More)
Recent resting-state fMRI studies have shown that the apparent functional connectivity (FC) between brain regions may undergo changes on time-scales of seconds to minutes, the basis and importance of which are largely unknown. Here, we examine the electrophysiological correlates of within-scan FC variations during a condition of eyes-closed rest. A sliding(More)
The limbic system is necessary to associate stimuli with their motivational and emotional significance. The perirhinal cortex is directly connected to this system, and neurons in this region carry signals related to a monkey's progress through visually cued reward schedules. This task manipulates motivation by displaying different visual cues to indicate(More)
Noninvasive functional neuroimaging, as an important tool for basic neuroscience research and clinical diagnosis, continues to face the need of improving the spatial and temporal resolution. While existing neuroimaging modalities might approach their limits in imaging capability mostly due to fundamental as well as technical reasons, it becomes increasingly(More)
Are different kinds of stimuli (for example, different classes of geometric images or naturalistic images) encoded differently by visual cortex, or are the principles of encoding the same for all stimuli? We examine two response properties: (1) the range of spike counts that can be elicited from a neuron in epochs representative of short periods of fixation(More)
Imaging the myocardial activation sequence is critical for improved diagnosis and treatment of life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias. It is desirable to reveal the underlying cardiac electrical activity throughout the three-dimensional (3-D) myocardium (rather than just the endocardial or epicardial surface) from noninvasive body surface potential(More)
We propose a set of algorithms for sequentially removing artifacts related to MRI gradient switching and cardiac pulsations from electroencephalography (EEG) data recorded during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Special emphasis is directed upon the use of statistical metrics and methods for the extraction and selection of features that(More)
We propose a new electrocardiographic (ECG) inverse approach for imaging the three-dimensional (3-D) ventricular activation sequence based on the modeling and estimation of the equivalent current density throughout the entire volume of the ventricular myocardium. The spatio-temporal coherence of the ventricular excitation process has been utilized to derive(More)
Oscillatory electrical brain activity in the alpha (8-13 Hz) band is a prominent feature of human electroencephalography (EEG) during alert wakefulness, and is commonly thought to arise primarily from the occipital and parietal parts of the cortex. While the thalamus is considered to play a supportive role in the generation and modulation of cortical alpha(More)