Zhongmin Jin

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The aim of this study was to develop a technique to decellularize a porcine cartilage bone construct with view to using this as a biological scaffold for cartilage substitution. The decellularization protocol applied freeze/thaw cycles; this was followed by cyclic incubation in hypotonic tris buffer and 0.1% (w/v) sodium dodecyl sulfate in hypotonic buffer(More)
Metal-on-ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) total hip replacements have been the most popular and clinically successful implants to date. However, it is well documented that the wear debris from these prostheses contributes to osteolysis and ultimate failure of the prosthesis, hence alternative materials have been sought. A range of 28 mm(More)
A computational model has been developed to quantify the degree of cross-shear of a polyethylene pin articulating against a metallic plate, based on the direct simulation of a multidirectional pin-on-plate wear machine. The principal molecular orientation (PMO) was determined for each polymer site. The frictional work in the direction perpendicular to the(More)
Two crystal forms of recombinant p26 capsid protein (CA) from the equine infectious anemia virus (EIAV) have in common an antiparallel four-helix bundle dimer interface between N-terminal domains (NTDs). The dimer interface provides a lenient scaffold to accommodate the wide sequence variation in these helices within lentivirus CA. Pairs of dimers weakly(More)
The tribological performance and biological activity of the wear debris produced has been compared for highly cross-linked polyethylene, ceramic-on-ceramic, metal-on-metal, and modified metal bearings in a series of in vitro studies from a single laboratory. The functional lifetime demand of young and active patients is 10-fold greater than the estimated(More)
There is renewed interest in metal-on-metal (MOM) total hip replacements (THRs), however, variable wear rates have been observed clinically. It is hypothesised that changes in soft tissue tensioning during surgery may alter loading of THRs during the swing phase of gait leading to changes in fluid film lubrication, friction and wear. This study aimed to(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical studies have indicated that the angular position of the acetabular cup may influence wear in metal-on-metal total hip bearings. A high cup angle in comparison to the anatomical position may lead to the head being constrained by the superior lateral surface and rim of the cup, thus potentially changing the location of the contact zone(More)
Laboratory joint wear simulator testing has become the standard means for preclinical evaluation of wear resistance of artificial knee joints. Recent simulator designs have been advanced and become successful at reproducing the wear patterns observed in clinical retrievals. However, a single simulator test can be very expensive and take a long time to run.(More)
Knee arthroplasties in young and active patients place a substantial increase in the lifetime tribological demand and potential for wear-induced osteolysis. Polyethylene materials have advanced in recent years, reducing the potential for oxidative degradation and delamination failure. It is timely to consider tribological design variables and their(More)
Hip resurfacing arthroplasty has become a popular alternative to conventional hip surgery. Surface replacements with bearing sizes of 55 mm (n = 5) and 39 mm (n = 5) were tested in a hip simulator for 15 million cycles (Mc). Wear debris was isolated from the serum lubricant and characterized by field emmitting gun scanning electorn microscopy, and ion(More)