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The aim of this study was to develop a technique to decellularize a porcine cartilage bone construct with view to using this as a biological scaffold for cartilage substitution. The decellularization protocol applied freeze/thaw cycles; this was followed by cyclic incubation in hypotonic tris buffer and 0.1% (w/v) sodium dodecyl sulfate in hypotonic buffer(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical studies have indicated that the angular position of the acetabular cup may influence wear in metal-on-metal total hip bearings. A high cup angle in comparison to the anatomical position may lead to the head being constrained by the superior lateral surface and rim of the cup, thus potentially changing the location of the contact zone(More)
Hip resurfacing arthroplasty has become a popular alternative to conventional hip surgery. Surface replacements with bearing sizes of 55 mm (n = 5) and 39 mm (n = 5) were tested in a hip simulator for 15 million cycles (Mc). Wear debris was isolated from the serum lubricant and characterized by field emmitting gun scanning electorn microscopy, and ion(More)
Hip hemiarthroplasty is a common treatment for femoral neck fracture. However, the acetabular cartilage may degenerate after hemiarthroplasty leading to postoperative failure and the need for revision surgery. The clearance between the acetabular cartilage and head of the prosthesis is one of the potential reasons for this failure. In this study, the(More)
Two crystal forms of recombinant p26 capsid protein (CA) from the equine infectious anemia virus (EIAV) have in common an antiparallel four-helix bundle dimer interface between N-terminal domains (NTDs). The dimer interface provides a lenient scaffold to accommodate the wide sequence variation in these helices within lentivirus CA. Pairs of dimers weakly(More)
A computational model has been developed to quantify the degree of cross-shear of a polyethylene pin articulating against a metallic plate, based on the direct simulation of a multidirectional pin-on-plate wear machine. The principal molecular orientation (PMO) was determined for each polymer site. The frictional work in the direction perpendicular to the(More)
The tribological performance and biological activity of the wear debris produced has been compared for highly cross-linked polyethylene, ceramic-on-ceramic, metal-on-metal, and modified metal bearings in a series of in vitro studies from a single laboratory. The functional lifetime demand of young and active patients is 10-fold greater than the estimated(More)
The main design features of metal-on-metal (MOM) hip resurfacing prostheses in promoting elastohydrodynamic lubrication were investigated in the present study, including the femoral head diameter, the clearance, and the cup wall thickness. Simplified conceptual models were developed, based on equivalent uniform wall thicknesses for both the cup and the head(More)
Ultra high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) wear debris has been shown to be a major cause of long term failure of total joint replacements. Recently, crosslinking has been extensively introduced to reduce the wear of UHMWPE. In this study the wear of non-crosslinked and crosslinked UHMWPE were compared under a range of conditions. The materials(More)
Laboratory joint wear simulator testing has become the standard means for preclinical evaluation of wear resistance of artificial knee joints. Recent simulator designs have been advanced and become successful at reproducing the wear patterns observed in clinical retrievals. However, a single simulator test can be very expensive and take a long time to run.(More)