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Two recombinant inbred (RI) populations having 194 and 222 lines each, derived, respectively, from a highly heterotic inter- (IJ) and intrasubspecific (II) hybrid, were backcrossed to their respective parents. The RI and two backcross populations along with F1 and its two parents of each hybrid were evaluated for nine important traits, including grain yield(More)
Amorphophallus is a genus of perennial plants widely distributed in the tropics or subtropics of West Africa and South Asia. Its corms contain a high level of water-soluble glucomannan; therefore, it has long been used as a medicinal herb and food source. Genetic studies of Amorphophallus have been hindered by a lack of genetic markers. A large number of(More)
The human body requires more than 22 mineral elements that can be supplied by an appropriate diet (Philip and Martin 2005). However, the diets of the populations subsisting largely on cereals, or inhabiting regions where soil mineral imbalances occur, often lack Fe, Zn, Ca, Mg and Mn. These minerals are known to play an essential role in the metabolism and(More)
The effect of matrine on the lipopolysacchride (LPS)-induced tumor necrosis factor and interleukin-6 production from rat Kupffer cell was investigated. Results showed that matrine 125, 250 and 500 mg.L-1 suppressed TNF and IL-6 production from Cal-primed Kupffer cells in the presence of lipopolysacchrides (LPS, 100 micrograms.L-1) in a(More)
BACKGROUND Combining ability effects are very effective genetic parameters in deciding the next phase of breeding programs. Although some breeding strategies on the basis of evaluating combining ability have been utilized extensively in hybrid breeding, little is known about the genetic basis of combining ability. Combining ability is a complex trait that(More)
Nuclear DNA C-values are the basic data of species and used in a strikingly wide range of biological fields. Genome size of the most species belonging to the three families Nulembonaceae, Cabombaceae and Nymphaeaceae in Nymphaeales were not assessed, especially none of the species in Cabombaceae was reported so far. In present research, flow cytometry was(More)
The distribution of repetitive DNAs along chromosomes is one of the crucial elements for understanding the organization and the evolution of plant genomes. Using a modified genomic in situ hybridization (GISH) procedure, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with genomic DNA to their own chromosomes (called self-genomic in situ hybridization, self-GISH)(More)
The effect of matrine (Mat) on lipopolysaccharides (LPS)-induced fatal hepatitis and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) production in Propionibacterium acnes (PA)-primed mice were studied. Mice were injected i.p. LPS (10 micrograms/mouse) 7 d after i.p. PA (0.5 ml/mouse) to induce fatal hepatitis. After i.p. LPS, serum TNF activity rose to 1657 +/- 406 kU.L-1 at(More)
Konjac is one of the most important glucomannan crops worldwide. The breeding and genomic researches are largely limited by the genetic basis of Amorphophallus. In this study, the transcriptomes of A. konjac and A. bulbifer were constructed using a high-throughput Illumina sequencing platform. All 108,651 unigenes with average lengths of 430 nt in A. konjac(More)
Water chestnut (Eleocharis dulcis) is an important aquatic crop in China; however, transcriptomic and genomic data in public databases are limited. To identify genes and development molecular markers, high-throughput transcriptome sequencing was applied to generate transcript sequences from water chestnut leaf. More than 24 million reads were obtained,(More)