Zhongjie Ren

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Text-based password schemes have inherent security and usability problems, leading to the development of graphical password schemes. However, most of these alternate schemes are vulnerable to spyware attacks. We propose a new scheme, using CAPTCHA (Completely Automated Public Turing tests to tell Computers and Humans Apart) that retaining the advantages of(More)
Shoulder-surfing is a known risk where an attacker can capture a password by direct observation or by recording the authentication session. Due to the visual interface, this problem has become exacerbated in graphical passwords. There have been some graphical schemes resistant or immune to shoulder-surfing, but they have significant usability drawbacks,(More)
Graphical passwords have been proposed as an alternative to alphanumeric passwords with their advantages in usability and security. However, most of these alternate schemes have their own disadvantages. For example, cued-recall graphical password schemes are vulnerable to shoulder-surfing and cannot prevent intersection analysis attack. A novel cued-recall(More)
Phosphonates are a large class of organophosphorus compounds with a characteristic carbon-phosphorus bond. The genes responsible for phosphonate utilization in Gram-negative bacteria are arranged in an operon of 14 genes. The carbon-phosphorus lyase complex, encoded by the genes phnGHIJKLM, catalyzes the cleavage of the stable carbon-phosphorus bond of(More)
Most web services providers use cookies to personalize the customers’ access to the website. A cookie contains a user’s privacy and important identification which can be used to identify the user. However, cookies are not as safe as we take it for granted. There are still some potential safety hazards in cookies. For example, the contents in(More)
A series of 3,3'-bicarbazole (mCP)-functionalized tetraphenylsilane derivatives (SimCPx), including bis(3,5-di(9H-carbazol-9-yl)phenyl)diphenylsilane (SimCP2), tris(3,5-di(9H-carbazol-9-yl)phenyl)methylsilane (SimCP3-CH3), tris(3,5-di(9H-carbazol-9-yl)phenyl)phenylsilane (SimCP3-Ph), and tetrakis(3,5-di(9H-carbazol-9-yl)phenyl)silane (SimCP4), serving as(More)
The synthesis and characterization is reported of an efficient polysiloxane derivative containing the 1,3-bis(9-carbazolyl)benzene (mCP) moiety as a pendant unit on the polysiloxane backbone. In comparison with mCP, the mCP-polysiloxane hybrid (PmCPSi) has significantly improved thermal and morphological stabilities with a high decomposition temperature (Td(More)
A new oligosiloxane derivative (ODCzMSi) functionalized with the well-known 1,3-bis(9-carbazolyl)benzene (mCP) pendant moiety, directly linked to the silicon atom of the oligosiloxane backbone, has been synthesized and characterized. Compared to mCP, the attachment of the oligosiloxane chain significantly improves the thermal and morphological stabilities(More)
The crystalline morphology and orientation of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) thin film on the poly(vinylphenol) (PVPh) sublayer with different thickness was studied by atomic force microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and infrared spectroscopy. PVPh sublayer influences the morphology of PHB greatly. Although edge-on lamellae form on both Si and PVPh surfaces at(More)
Graphical passwords have been proposed as an alternative to alphanumeric passwords with their advantages in usability and security. However, they still tend to follow predictable patterns that are easier for attackers to exploit, probably due to users’ memory limitations. Various literatures show that baroque music has positive effects on human learning and(More)