Zhongjie Ren

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—Shoulder-surfing is a known risk where an attacker can capture a password by direct observation or by recording the authentication session. Due to the visual interface, this problem has become exacerbated in graphical passwords. There have been some graphical schemes resistant or immune to shoulder-surfing, but they have significant usability drawbacks,(More)
—Text-based password schemes have inherent security and usability problems, leading to the development of graphical password schemes. However, most of these alternate schemes are vulnerable to spyware attacks. We propose a new scheme, using CAPTCHA (Completely Automated Public Turing tests to tell Computers and Humans Apart) that retaining the advantages of(More)
Graphical passwords have been proposed as an alternative to alphanumeric passwords with their advantages in usability and security. However, they still tend to follow predictable patterns that are easier for attackers to exploit , probably due to users' memory limitations. Various literatures show that baroque music has positive effects on human learning(More)
Graphical passwords have been demonstrated to be the possible alternatives to traditional alphanumeric passwords. However, they still tend to follow predictable patterns that are easier to attack. The crux of the problem is users' memory limitations. Users are the weakest link in password authentication mechanism. It shows that baroque music has positive(More)
The trend toward a highly mobile workforce and the ubiquity of graphical interfaces (such as the stylus and touch-screen) has enabled the emergence of graphical authentications in Personal Digital Assistants (PDAs) [1]. However, most of the current graphical password schemes are vulnerable to shoulder-surfing [2,3], a known risk where an attacker can(More)
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