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BACKGROUND Ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) are the 13th leading cause of death in the United States. While AAA rupture may occur without significant warning, its risk assessment is generally based on critical values of the maximum AAA diameter (> 5 cm) and AAA-growth rate (> 0.5 cm/year). These criteria may be insufficient for reliable(More)
Social tagging can provide rich semantic information for large-scale retrieval in music discovery. Such collaborative intelligence, however, also generates a high degree of tags unhelpful to discovery, some of which obfuscate critical information. Towards addressing these shortcomings, tag recommendation for more robust music discovery is an emerging topic(More)
Infectious bursal disease (IBD) is an acute, highly contagious, and immunosuppressive avian disease caused by IBD virus (IBDV). Although IBDV-induced host cell apoptosis has been established, the underlying molecular mechanism is still unclear. We report here that IBDV viral protein 5 (VP5) is a major apoptosis inducer in DF-1 cells by interacting with the(More)
OBJECTIVE This study explored the effects of telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) promoter mutations on transcriptional activity of the TERT gene under hypoxic and temozolomide (TMZ) treatment conditions, and investigated the status and prognostic value of these mutations in gliomas. METHODS The effect of TERT promoter mutations on the transcriptional(More)
Since 2010, the variant porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) has been the etiological agent responsible for the outbreak of porcine epidemic diarrhea (PED) worldwide. In this study, a variant PEDV strain YN1 was isolated, serially propagated on the Vero cells and was characterized for 200 passages. To better elucidate the molecular basis of Vero cell(More)
Since the introduction of endovascular techniques in the early 1990s for the treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs), the insertion of an endovascular graft (EVG) into the affected artery segment has been greatly successful for a certain group of AAA patients and is continuously evolving. However, although minimally invasive endovascular aneurysm(More)
Infectious bursal disease (IBD) is an acute, highly contagious, and immunosuppressive avian disease caused by IBD virus (IBDV). Although IBDV-induced immunosuppression has been well established, the underlying exact molecular mechanism for such induction is not very clear. We report here the identification of IBDV VP4 as an interferon suppressor by(More)
A simple gold-immunochromatographic assay (GICA) based on indirect reaction format was developed for rapid detection of antibodies against avian infectious bronchitis virus (IBV). The detection time of IBV IgG by the GICA was less than 10 min, whereas the HI test and the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) require 1-2 hr. Reference sera against(More)
The new porcine epidemic diarrhea (PED) has caused devastating economic losses to the swine industry worldwide. Despite extensive research on the relationship between autophagy and virus infection, the concrete role of autophagy in porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) infection has not been reported. In this study, autophagy was demonstrated to be(More)
The innate immune system serves as the first line of host defense against the deleterious effects of invading infectious pathogens. Fever is the hallmark among the defense mechanisms evoked by the entry into the body of such pathogens. The conventional view of the steps that lead to fever production is that they begin with the biosynthesis of pyrogenic(More)