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BACKGROUND With the advent of second-generation sequencing, the expression of gene transcripts can be digitally measured with high accuracy. The purpose of this study was to systematically profile the expression of both mRNA and miRNA genes in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) using massively parallel sequencing technology. METHODOLOGY The(More)
BACKGROUND MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small noncoding RNAs that regulate gene expression. They are aberrantly expressed in many types of cancers. In this study, we determined the genome-wide miRNA profiles in bladder urothelial carcinoma by deep sequencing. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS We detected 656 differentially expressed known human miRNAs(More)
Let G be a simple graph, let f be a mapping from V (G) ∪ E(G) to {1, 2, · · · , k}, let C f (v) = {f (v)} ∪ {f (vw)|w ∈ V (G), vw ∈ E(G)} for every v ∈ V (G). If f is a k-proper-total-coloring, and for u, v ∈ V (G), uv ∈ E(G), we have that C f (u) = C f (v), then f is called a k-adjacent-vertex-distinguishing total coloring (k-AVDTC for short). Let χ at (G)(More)