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This study is designed to evaluate the therapeutic effects of three types of neurospheres (NSs) derived from brain, bone marrow and adipose tissue in a rat model of spinal contusive injury. As shown by BBB locomotor rating scale and grid test, the optimal therapeutic responses generated by subventricular zone-derived NSs (SVZ-NSs), and followed by(More)
Controversies exist concerning the need for mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) to be transdifferentiated prior to their transplantation. In the present study, we compared the results of grafting into the rat contused spinal cord undifferentiated, adipose tissue-derived stromal cells (uADSCs) versus ADSCs induced by two different protocols to form(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells are capable of differentiating into dopaminergic-like cells, but currently no report has been available to describe the induction of human umbilical vein mesenchymal stem cells (HUVMSCs) into dopaminergic-like cells. In this study, we induced HUVMSCs in vitro into neurospheres constituted by neural stem-like cells, and further into(More)
Immunotoxins have shown great promise as an alternative treatment for brain malignancies such as gliomas, but their failure to penetrate into the tumor mass remains a major problem. Mesenchymal stem cells exhibit tropism to tumor tissue and may serve as a cellular vehicle for the delivery and local production of antitumor agents. In this study, we used(More)
Although human amnion derived mesenchymal stem cells (AMSC) are a promising source of stem cells, their therapeutic potential for traumatic brain injury (TBI) has not been widely investigated. In this study, we evaluated the therapeutic potential of AMSC using a rat TBI model. AMSC were isolated from human amniotic membrane and characterized by flow(More)
Human amniotic membrane mesenchymal stem cells (hAMSCs) are considered ideal candidate stem cells for cell-based therapy. In this study, we assessed whether hAMSCs transplantation promotes neurological functional recovery in rats after traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI). In addition, the potential mechanisms underlying the possible benefits of this therapy(More)
Cancer stem cells are defined as a subpopulation of cancer cells with the capacity to self-renew and differentiate, which may play critical roles in tumor initiation, progress and resistance to current treatments. It has been reported that Dendritic cells (DCs) transfected with total tumor RNA could induce strong antitumor T-cell responses both in vivo and(More)
Human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are considered a promising tool for cell-based therapies of nervous system diseases. Bone marrow (BM) has been the traditional source of MSCs (BM-MSCs). However, there are some limitations for their clinical use, such as the decline in cell number and differentiation potential with age. Recently, amniotic fluid(More)
Transplantation of human amniotic mesenchymal stem cells (hAM-MSCs) seems to be a promising strategy for the treatment of neurodegenerative disorders, including Alzheimer’s disease (AD). However, the clinical therapeutic effects of hAM-MSCs and their mechanisms of action in AD remain to be determined. Here, we used amyloid precursor protein (APP) and(More)
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