Zhong-Zhen Zhao

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The classic phytohormones cytokinin and auxin play essential roles in the maintenance of stem-cell systems embedded in shoot and root meristems, and exhibit complex functional interactions. Here we show that the activity of both hormones directly converges on the promoters of two A-type ARABIDOPSIS RESPONSE REGULATOR (ARR) genes, ARR7 and ARR15, which are(More)
Flowering represents a crucial transition from a vegetative to a reproductive phase of the plant life cycle. Despite extensive studies, the molecular mechanisms controlling flowering remain elusive. Although the enzymes involved are unknown, methylation of histone H3 K9 and K27 correlates with repression of FLOWERING LOCUS C (FLC), an essential(More)
Histone lysines can be mono-, di-, or trimethylated, providing an ample magnitude of epigenetic information for transcription regulation. In fungi, SET2 is the sole methyltransferase responsible for mono-, di-, and trimethylation of H3K36. Here we show that in Arabidopsis thaliana, the degree of H3K36 methylation is regulated by distinct methyltransferases.(More)
An HPLC-DAD method has been developed to quantitatively analyze for the content of zeaxanthin dipalmitate, a major carotenoid in Fructus Lycii, in different species of the genus Lycium. Determination was performed using an Alltima C18 column with the mobile phase consisting of acetonitrile and dichloromethane (42:58). The total contents of carotenoids in(More)
A comparative study on the intercalating binding of sanguinarine, chelerythrine, and nitidine with CT DNA, poly(dG-dC).poly(dG-dC), poly(dA-dT).poly(dA-dT), and seven sequence-designed double-stranded oligodeoxynucleotides has been performed using fluorometric and spectrophotometric techniques, aiming at providing insights into their sequence selectivity(More)
This paper describes an improved quality assessment method for Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae (Root of Salvia miltiorrhiza BGE.) which was established using chromatographic fingerprinting and quantification of multiple marker compounds in the crude drug. High-performance thin-layer chromatography (HPTLC) fingerprinting of water-soluble phenolics and nonpolar(More)
To maintain proper meristem function, cell division and differentiation must be coordinately regulated in distinct subdomains of the meristem. Although a number of regulators necessary for the correct organization of the shoot apical meristem (SAM) have been identified, it is still largely unknown how their function is integrated with the cell cycle(More)
Despite the independent evolution of multicellularity in plants and animals, the basic organization of their stem cell niches is remarkably similar. Here, we report the genome-wide regulatory potential of WUSCHEL, the key transcription factor for stem cell maintenance in the shoot apical meristem of the reference plant Arabidopsis thaliana. WUSCHEL acts by(More)
The multi-component fingerprinting method of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae (Root of Salvia miltiorrhiza BGE.), an important and popular medicinal herb in traditional Chinese medicine, was studied using reverse-phase HPLC and LC-MS-MS. Extract containing both the water-soluble phenolic compounds and nonpolar diterpenoid compounds known to be the herb's main(More)
In this study, anticancer activities of six compounds of flavonoids were investigated in human epidermoid carcinoma KB and KBv200 cells. Among these compounds, quercetin and acacetin showed strong inhibition of cell growth in KB and KBv200 cells. IC50 values of quercetin against KB and KBv200 cells were 17.84 ± 4.14 and 18.94 ± 4.75 μM, respectively. The(More)