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Formation constants for the calcium(II), copper(II), iron(II), magnesium(II), manganese(II) and zinc(II) complexes ofdl-NN'-dicarboxamidomethyl-NN'-dicarboxymethyl-1,2-diaminopropane (ICRF 198) and the 1,2-diamino-butane homologue (ICRF 226) have been measured potentiometrically at 37°C andI=150 mmol dm−3 [NaCl]. The constants are used in computer(More)
Human neuronal growth inhibitory factor (hGIF) is able to inhibit the outgrowth of neurons. As compared with the amino acid sequences of metallothionein 1/2, hGIF contains two insertions: a Thr at position 5 and an acidic hexapeptide EAAEAE(55-60) close to the C-terminus. Moreover, all mammalian growth inhibitory factor sequences contain a conserved(More)
Neuronal growth-inhibitory factor (GIF), also named metallothionein-3, inhibits the outgrowth of neuronal cells. Recent studies on the structure of human GIF, carried out using NMR and molecular dynamics simulation techniques, have been summarized. By studying a series of protein-engineered mutants of GIF, we showed that the bioactivity of GIF is modulated(More)
The function of the hydrophobic residues Leu28, Phe31, Ile50, and Leu54 at the folate binding site in Escherichia coli dihydrofolate reductase (5,6,7,8-tetrahydrofolate: NADP+ oxidoreductase, EC has been studied by a combination of site-specific mutagenesis and reaction kinetics. Studies suggest that the overall protein structure and kinetic(More)
GIF, a member of the metallothionein (MT) family (assigned as MT3), is a neuron growth inhibitory factor that inhibits neuron outgrowth in Alzheimer's disease. The conserved Thr5 is one of the main differences between GIF and other members in the MT family. However, natural sheep GIF has an unusual Ala5, casting doubt on the role of common Thr5. We(More)
Recently, two sets of single, double, and quadruple residue changes within the hydrophobic substrate binding pocket of Escherichia coli dihydrofolate reductase (5,6,7,8-tetrahydrofolate+ oxidoreductase, EC were shown to exhibit nonadditive mutational effects [Huang, Z., Wagner, C. R., & Benkovic, S. J. (1994) Biochemistry 33, 11576--11585]. In(More)
The Wood-Ljungdahl pathway is responsible for acetyl-CoA biosynthesis and used as a major mean of generating energy for growth in some anaerobic microbes. Series of genes, from the anaerobic human pathogen Clostridium difficile, have been identified that show striking similarity to the genes involved in this pathway including methyltetrahydrofolate- and(More)
After we modified the protocol of purification, monkey metallothionein-1 (mkMT-1) and its mutant at position 33 (C33M mutant) were efficiently expressed and purified by using the glutathione-S-transferase fusion protein system. The protein yield has been considerably improved (8 mg/L culture for mkMT-1 and 10 mg/L culture for C33M mutant). The recombinant(More)
ZNF191, a new human zinc finger protein, probably relates to some hereditary diseases and cancers. To obtain structural information of zinc finger domain a convenient method for obtaining milligram quantities of each zinc finger peptide of ZNF191 is necessary. Here, we report an Escherichia coli expression system for rapid and high-level expression of zinc(More)