Zhong-Xian Huang

Learn More
To convert cyt c into a peroxidase-like metalloenzyme, the P71H mutant was designed to introduce a distal histidine. Unexpectedly, its peroxidase activity was found even lower than that of the native, and that the axial ligation of heme iron was changed to His71/His18 in the oxidized state, while to Met80/His18 in the reduced state, characterized by(More)
We found that cyt c Y67H and Y67R variants represent a state which resembles the conformational intermediate state in cyt c with high peroxidase activity; and also the hydrogen bond network around Tyr67 is associated with the conformational transition of cyt c; these suggest that the hydrogen bond network around Tyr67 is essential in maintaining the cyt c(More)
Aggregation and cytotoxicity of Aβ with redox-active metals in neuronal cells have been implicated in the progression of Alzheimer disease. Human metallothionein (MT) 3 is highly expressed in the normal human brain and is downregulated in Alzheimer disease. Zn7MT3 can protect against the neuronal toxicity of Aβ by preventing copper-mediated Aβ aggregation,(More)
Alzheimer's disease is characterized by progressive loss of neurons accompanied by the formation of intraneural neurofibrillary tangles and extracellular amyloid plaques. Human neuronal growth inhibitory factor, classified as metallothionein-3 (MT-3), was found to be related to the neurotrophic activity promoting cortical neuron survival and dendrite(More)
Soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) is a heme-containing metalloprotein in NO-sGC-cGMP signaling. NO binds to the heme of sGC to catalyze the synthesis of the second messenger cGMP, which plays a critical role in several physiological processes. However, the molecular mechanism for sGC to mediate the NO signaling remains unclear. Here fluorophore FlAsH-EDT2 and(More)
The catalytic activity of cytochrome c (cyt c) to peroxidize cardiolipin to its oxidized form is required for the release of pro-apoptotic factors from mitochondria, and for execution of the subsequent apoptotic steps. However, the structural basis for this peroxidation reaction remains unclear. In this paper, we determined the three-dimensional NMR(More)
The continued interest in protein engineering has led to intense efforts in developing novel stable enzymes, which could not only give boost to industrial and biomedical applications, but also enhance our understanding of the structure-function relationships of proteins. We present here the generation of three hybrid proteins of cytochrome c (cyt c) and(More)
Soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) mediates NO signaling for a wide range of physiological effects in the cardiovascular system and the central nervous system. The α1β1 isoform is ubiquitously distributed in cytosolic fractions of tissues, whereas α2β1 is mainly found in the brain. The major occurrence and the unique characteristic of human sGC α2β1 indicate a(More)
Neuronal growth inhibitory factor (GIF), also known as metallothionein (metallothionein-3), impairs the survival and neurite formation of cultured neurons. It is known that the α-β domain-domain interaction of hGIF is crucial to the neuron growth inhibitory bioactivity although the exact mechanism is not clear. Herein, the β(MT3)-β(MT3) mutant and the(More)