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BACKGROUND Maternal thyroid hormone deficiency is the most common disorder of thyroid function during pregnancy and can influence the outcome for mother and foetus. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of thyroid hormone deficiency during the first half of pregnancy in iodine sufficient areas of China. MATERIALS AND METHODS Four(More)
OBJECTIVE Progressive β-cell dysfunction hinders the maintenance of glycaemic control in type 2 diabetes, but comparative data on β-cell-protective therapies are lacking in the early stage of type 2 diabetes. Here we evaluated the comparative glycaemic efficacy and impact on β-cell function of three antihyperglycaemic agents that have a β-cell-protective(More)
The synergetic process of folliculogenesis is mainly regulated by GDF-9 and BMP-15 as well as their receptors, such as BMPR2, TβR1 and BMPR1B. Expressions of these factors and the receptors are significant different among species. This study was designed to detect expression of GDF-9, BMP-15 and their receptors in mouse, porcine and human healthy follicles(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the effects of long-term exposure to more than adequate and excessive iodine on the apoptosis of thyrocytes in Wistar rats. METHODS Wistar rats, divided into four groups: Group 0 (control, treated with 4 μg/day of iodine), Group 1 (1.5x control dose, i. e. 6 μg/day of iodine), Group 2 (3x control dose, i. e. 12 μg/day of iodine), and(More)
AIM This study aims to investigate whether maternal subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) influences the developing brain, and the effect of treatment with levothyroxine (L-T4) in early maternal SCH on the progeny's developing brain. MATERIALS AND METHODS Seventy-five thyroidectomized female Wistar rats were divided randomly into groups of hypothyroidism (CH),(More)
  • Z Shan, J Li, +7 authors S Wang
  • 2005
The treatment of most head and neck cancer patients includes ionizing radiation (IR). Salivary glands in the IR field suffer irreversible damage. Previously, we reported that adenoviral (Ad)-mediated transfer of the human aquaporin-1 (hAQP1) cDNA to rat submandibular glands following IR restored salivary flow to near normal levels. It is unclear if this(More)
Maternal hypothyroidism has adverse effects on neural development in the offspring. The present study aimed to investigate whether maternal subclinical hypothyroidism impairs spatial learning in the offspring, as well as the efficacy and optimal time of levothyroxine (L-T(4)) treatment in pregnancy. Female adult Wistar rats were randomly divided into six(More)
It is still controversial whether subclinical hypothyroidism and euthyroidism affect blood pressure. The study aimed to explore the relationship between different levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and blood pressure in the participants with subclinical hypothyroidism and euthyroidism. A total of 1319 participants were administered a questionnaire(More)
OBJECTIVE To detect expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), B7.1 and thyroid peroxidase (TPO) on thyrocyte and study the possible mechanism of interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha) in the pathogenesis of autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD). METHODS Thyrocytes were cultured from 6 normal persons. Antigen expression on thyrocytes induced by cytokines(More)
  • X Yu, C Fan, +22 authors W Teng
  • 2008
OBJECTIVE The association between iodine status and the prevalence of goiter and thyroid nodules has been well established but the extent to which different iodine intake levels influence the incidence of goiter and thyroid nodules is unclear. The aim of the study was to determine the incidence of goiter and thyroid nodules in 3 regions with different(More)