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Penaeus monodon (mean initial wet weight 1·19 (SE 0·01) g) were fed seven diets in triplicate: a control diet (D1) without carotenoids; three diets formulated to supply 0·1 % astaxanthin alone (D2), 0·2 % astaxanthin alone (D3), and a combination of 0·1 % astaxanthin and 1 % cholesterol (D4); three diets with 0·07 % canthaxanthin alone (D5), 0·13 %(More)
BACKGROUND Interleukin-37 (IL-37), a member of IL-1 family, is primarily an anti-inflammatory cytokine, which reduces systemic and local inflammation. However, the expression and role of IL-37 in Graves' disease (GD) remains unknown. This study aims to measure the levels of serum and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) IL-37 in patients with Graves'(More)
In this study, the homozygous tubby (tub/tub) mutant mouse, with an early progressive hearing loss and photoreceptor degeneration, was used as a model system to examine the effects of systemic administration of a naturally occurring isothiocyanate, sulforaphane (SF), on photoreceptor degeneration. Several novel observations have been made: (i) the mRNA and(More)
Interleukin-37 (IL-37), a new member of IL-1 family cytokine, is recently identified as a natural inhibitor of innate immunity. This study aimed to measure the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and serum levels of IL-37 in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and to investigate its role in SLE, including its correlation with disease(More)
INTRODUCTION Our objective in the present study was to determine the signaling pathway of interleukin 10 (IL-10) for modulating IL-17 expression in macrophages and the importance of this mediation in collagen-induced arthritis (CIA). METHODS IL-10-knockout (IL-10⁻/⁻) mice and wild-type (WT) mice were immunized with chicken type II collagen (CII) to induce(More)
Type II phosphatidylinositol 5-phosphate 4-kinase (PIPKIIα) catalyzes the synthesis of phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate (PI-4,5-P(2)), an essential lipid second messenger that may be involved in the regulation of phototransduction, neuroprotection, and morphogenesis in the vertebrate retina. Here we report that in rodent and transgenic frogs, the(More)
Interleukin-37 (IL-37) has been known to play an immunosuppressive role in various inflammatory disorders, but whether it participates in the regulation of pathogenesis of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) has not been investigated. Here, we examined the serum levels of IL-37 and its clinical association in AS, and explored the anti-inflammatory effects of IL-37(More)
To gain further insights into the molecular basis of Sulforaphane (SF) mediated retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) 19 cell against oxidative stress, we investigated the effects of SF on the regulation of gene expression on a global scale and tested whether SF can endow RPE cells with the ability to resist apoptosis. The data revealed that after exposure to(More)
Interleukin-37 (IL-37), a newly discovered member of the IL-1 family, has been identified as a natural inhibitor of immune responses [1]. The human IL-37 gene has been confirmed undergo alternative splicing and exists in five splice variants including IL-37a-e, but a mouse homologue has not been reported [2]. The most glaring is IL-37b that encodes the(More)