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Galectins are proteins that regulate immune responses through the recognition of cell-surface glycans. We present evidence that 16 human galectin genes are expressed at the maternal-fetal interface and demonstrate that a cluster of 5 galectin genes on human chromosome 19 emerged during primate evolution as a result of duplication and rearrangement of genes(More)
AIMS To systematically review trends in diabetes mellitus (DM) prevalence in adults in China over the last 10 years and to identify the determinants of these trends. METHODS A systematic search was conducted for studies published between 2000 and 2010. Studies reporting DM prevalence were included if they met the pre-determined criteria. The prevalence(More)
BACKGROUND Hematopoietic cells home to bone by means of chemo-attraction to marrow chemokines, and interaction of chemokines with their receptors leads to the expression/activation of adhesion molecules and proteases. Recent evidence suggests that similar mechanisms may be active in cancer metastasis. Previously, we showed that metalloproteases (MMPs), and(More)
AIMS Chronic chorioamnionitis is a histological manifestation of maternal anti-fetal cellular rejection. As failure of graft survival is the most catastrophic event in organ transplantation, we hypothesized that fetal death could be a consequence of maternal rejection. The aim of this study was to assess whether there is evidence of cellular and(More)
OBJECTIVE Massive perivillous fibrin deposition (MPFD) and maternal floor infarction (MFI) are related placental lesions often associated with fetal death and fetal growth restriction. A tendency to recur in subsequent pregnancies has been reported. This study was conducted to determine whether this complication of pregnancy could reflect maternal antifetal(More)
OBJECTIVE Preeclampsia (PE) is characterized by systemic intravascular inflammation. Women who develop PE are at an increased risk for cardiovascular disease in later life. Tumor necrosis factor related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) has anti-atherosclerotic effects in endothelial cells and can mediate neutrophil apoptosis. Low soluble TRAIL (sTRAIL) and(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of the study was to determine the frequency and clinical significance of intraamniotic inflammation in asymptomatic women with a sonographic short cervix (SCX) in the midtrimester. STUDY DESIGN This cohort study included 47 asymptomatic women (14-24 weeks) with an SCX (<or=15 mm) who underwent amniocentesis. Women with multiple(More)
Chemokines and their receptors function in migration and homing of cells to target tissues. Recent evidence suggests that cancer cells use a chemokine receptor axis for metastasis formation at secondary sites. Previously, we showed that binding of the chemokine CXCL12 to its receptor CXCR4 mediated signaling events resulting in matrix metalloproteinase-9(More)
Reactive carbonyl compounds contribute to aging, Alzheimer's disease (AD) and other neurodegenerative diseases. Among these compounds, methylglyoxal (MG) can yield advanced glycation end products (AGEs), which are crucial in AD pathogenesis. However, the molecular and biochemical mechanisms of MG neurotoxicity are not completely understood. In the present(More)
OBJECTIVES Angiogenic/anti-angiogenic factors have emerged as one of the promising biomarkers for the prediction of preeclampsia. Since not all patients with preeclampsia can be identified by these analytes, the search for additional biomarkers continues. The soluble form of ST2 (sST2), a protein capable of binding to interleukin (IL)-33 and thus(More)