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According to the known amino acid sequence of Bm-12, a short chain insect neurotoxin from the venom of the scorpion Buthus martensi Karsch (BmK) with considerable primary sequence homology to chlorotoxin, the gene specific primers were designed and synthesized for 3' and 5'RACE (Rapid Amplification of cDNA Ends). The two partial cDNA fragments obtained by(More)
According to the known primary sequences of three neurotoxins active on small conductance Ca2+-activated potassium channels from the scorpion Buthus martensi Karsch, their corresponding cDNAs were cloned and sequenced using 3'- and 5'-RACE. All of them encoded a signal peptide composed of 28 residues and a mature toxin of 29, 28 and 33 residues,(More)
The full-length cDNA of an excitatory insect selective neurotoxin was amplified from total cDNAs of venomous glands of the scorpion Buthus martensi Karsch (BmK) using the 3'RACE and 5'RACE (rapid amplification of cDNA ends, RACE) method and sequenced. The cDNA encoded a precursor of the insect toxin of 88 amino acid residues, including a signal peptide of(More)
Based on the known amino acid sequences of BmK AS and BmK AS-1, the gene specific primers were designed and synthesized for 3' and 5' RACE (Rapid Amplification of cDNA Ends). Their partial cDNA fragments obtained by 3' and 5' RACE were cloned and sequenced, and the full length cDNA sequences of BmK AS and BmK AS-1 were then completed by overlapping their(More)
We have fabricated a series of textured silicon surfaces decorated by square arrays of pillars whose radius and pitch can be adjusted independently. These surfaces possessed a hydrophobic/superhydrophobic property after silanization. The dynamic behavior of water droplets impacting these structured surfaces was examined using a high-speed camera.(More)
Besides the neurotoxins active on mammals, a new excitatory insect selective toxin with a mice analgesic activity was found and purified from the venom of the scorpion Buthus martensi Karsch (BmK) (Ji, Y.H., Mansuelle, P., Terakawa, S., Kopeyan, C., Yanaihara, N., Hsu, K., Rochat, H., 1996. Toxicon 34, 987; Luo, M.J., Xiong, Y.M., Wang, M., Wang, D.C., Chi,(More)
In this report, we present a block matching method using control points and its application to intermediate view reconstruction (IVR). In the entertainment industry, stereoscopic video is used for providing 3-D movies to the public. In the case of broadcast TV or computer monitors, where much smaller screens are used, observer head motions pose a big(More)
The cDNA and genomic DNA of three novel toxins from the scorpion Buthus martensi Karsch that are active on K(+) channels, designated BmKTX (where KTX is kaliotoxin), BmTX1 and BmTX2, were cloned and sequenced. On the basis of their known amino acid sequences, gene-specific primers for 3' and 5' rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) were designed and(More)
The behavior of droplets trapped in geometric structures is essential to droplet manipulation applications such as for droplet transport. Here we show that directional droplet movement can be realized by a V-shaped groove with the movement direction controlled by adjusting the surface wettability of the groove inner wall and the cross sectional angle of the(More)
Nanostructured superhydrophobic surfaces have been actively explored to promote favorable droplet dynamics for a wide range of technological applications. However, the tendency of condensed droplets to form as pinned states greatly limits their applicability in enhancing condensation heat transfer efficiency. Despite recent progresses, the understanding of(More)