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An increasing number of independent studies have confirmed the vulnerability of automatic speaker verification (ASV) technology to spoofing. However, in comparison to that involving other biometric modalities, spoofing and countermeasure research for ASV is still in its infancy. A current barrier to progress is the lack of standards which impedes the(More)
While biometric authentication has advanced significantly in recent years, evidence shows the technology can be susceptible to malicious spoofing attacks. The research community has responded with dedicated countermeasures which aim to detect and deflect such attacks. Even if the literature shows that they can be effective, the problem is far from being(More)
Voice conversion techniques present a threat to speaker verification systems. To enhance the security of speaker verification systems, We study how to automatically distinguish natural speech and synthetic/converted speech. Motivated by the research on phase spectrum in speech perception, in this study, we propose to use features derived from phase spectrum(More)
Voice conversion and speaker adaptation techniques present a threat to current state-of-the-art speaker verification systems. To prevent such spoofing attack and enhance the security of speaker verification systems, the development of anti-spoofing techniques to distinguish synthetic and human speech is necessary. In this study, we continue the quest to(More)
Deep neural networks (DNNs) use a cascade of hidden representations to enable the learning of complex mappings from input to output features. They are able to learn the complex mapping from text-based linguistic features to speech acoustic features, and so perform text-to-speech synthesis. Recent results suggest that DNNs can produce more natural synthetic(More)
A major advantage of statistical parametric speech synthesis (SPSS) over unit-selection speech synthesis is its adaptability and controllability in changing speaker characteristics and speaking style. Recently, several studies using deep neural networks (DNNs) as acoustic models for SPSS have shown promising results. However, the adaptability of DNNs in(More)
The ASVspoof initiative follows on from the first special session in spoofing and countermeasures for automatic speaker verification (ASV) held during the 2013 edition of INTERSPEECH in Lyon, France [1]. The vision behind that first edition was to promote the consideration of spoofing, to encourage the development of anti-spoofing countermeasures and to(More)
We propose two novel techniques---<i>stacking bottleneck features</i> and <i>minimum generation error (MGE) training criterion</i>---to improve the performance of deep neural network (DNN)-based speech synthesis. The techniques address the related issues of <i>frame-by-frame independence</i> and <i>ignorance of the relationship between static and dynamic(More)
This paper presents the first version of a speaker verification spoofing and anti-spoofing database, named SAS corpus. The corpus includes nine spoofing techniques, two of which are speech synthesis, and seven are voice conversion. We design two protocols, one for standard speaker verification evaluation, and the other for producing spoofing materials.(More)