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Insulin degrading enzyme (IDE) is a potential drug target in the treatment of type 2 diabetes (T2D). IDE controls circulating insulin through a degradation-dependent clearance mechanism in multiple tissues. However, there is not sufficient information about IDE regulation in obesity. In this study, we test obesity-associated factors and pioglitazone in the(More)
This study is to clarify whether C-reactive protein (CRP) and white blood cell (WBC) count influence insulin homeostasis to the same degree. Serum CRP and peripheral WBC were measured in 739 subjects with normal glucose regulation, 512 with impaired glucose regulation, and 502 newly diagnosed diabetic patients. Levels of insulin resistance (IR) were(More)
The transcription factor nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) mediates inflammation and stress signals in cells. To test NF-κB in the control of hepatic insulin sensitivity, we inactivated NF-κB in the livers of C57BL/6 mice through deletion of the p65 gene, which was achieved by crossing floxed-p65 and Alb-cre mice to generate L-p65-knockout (KO) mice. KO mice did(More)
Most current approaches for purification and identification of protein complexes adopt affinity purifications combined with mass spectrometry, such as co-immunoprecipitation and tandem affinity purification. Herein, we propose a new approach, termed as the four-dimensional orthogonal electrophoresis (4-DE) system, to find and analyze the cytoplasmic protein(More)
The transcription factor NF-κB mediates inflammation and stress signals in cells. To test NF-κB in the control of hepatic insulin sensitivity, we inactivated NF-κB in liver of C57BL/6 mice through inactivation of p65 gene, which was achieved by crossing floxed p65 and Alb-cre mice to generate L-p65-KO mice. KO mice did not exhibit any alterations in growth,(More)
Existing mouse models of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery are not comparable to human RYGB in gastric pouch volume for a large or absent gastric volume. The aim of this study was to develop and characterize a mouse RYGB model that closely replicates gastric pouch size of human RYGB surgery of about 5% of total gastric volume. We established this(More)
This paper studies the semi-global leader-following consensus problem for a group of linear systems in the presence of both actuator position and rate saturation. Each follower agent in the group is described by a general linear system subject to simultaneous actuator position and rate saturation. We construct a low gain based linear state feedback control(More)
In multi-component lipid membranes, phase separation can lead to the formation of domains. The morphology of fluid-like domains has been rationalized in terms of membrane elasticity and line tension. We show that the morphology of solid-like domains is governed by different physics, and instead reflects the molecular ordering of the lipids. An understanding(More)