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Recurrent neural networks (RNNs), including long short-term memory (LSTM) RNNs, have produced state-of-the-art results on a variety of speech recognition tasks. However, these models are often too large in size for deployment on mobile devices with memory and latency constraints. In this work, we study mechanisms for learning compact RNNs and LSTMs via(More)
In this paper, we investigate how to scale up kernel methods to take on large-scale problems, on which deep neural networks have been prevailing. To this end, we leverage existing techniques and develop new ones. These techniques include approximating kernel functions with features derived from random projections, parallel training of kernel models with 100(More)
Polystyrene electrospun optical fibrous membrane (EOF) was fabricated using a one-step electrospinning technique, functionalized with glucose oxidases (GOD/EOF), and used as a quick and highly sensitive optical biosensor. Because of the doped iridium complex, the fibrous membrane emitted yellow luminescence (562 nm) when excited at 405 nm. Its luminescence(More)
We study large-scale kernel methods for acoustic modeling in speech recognition and compare their performance to deep neural networks (DNNs). We perform experiments on four speech recognition datasets, including the TIMIT and Broadcast News benchmark tasks, and compare these two types of models on frame-level performance metrics (accuracy, cross-entropy),(More)
A dual-channel naphthalimide-based chemosensor for rapid and sensitive detection of fluoride ion has been developed. Upon addition of F(-), it undergoes deprotonation reaction through H-bonding interactions, and its maximum absorption wavelength is red-shifted for 214 nm to the far-red region, together with drastically quenched fluorescence. In addition, it(More)
Most of solid tumor cells are hypoxic and hard to trace and measure. A new compound, 4,7-bis(4-dodecylthiophen-2-yl)-5,6-dinitrobenzo[c][1,2,5]thiadiazole (BTTD-NO2), was synthesized for labeling the hypoxic cells specially in this paper. BTTD-NO2 showed no cytotoxicity to MG63 cells by MTT method. When MG63 cells were cultured with BTTD-NO2 under hypoxic(More)
Nonnegative Matrix Factorization (NMF) based on the family of β-divergences has shown to be advantageous in several signal processing and data analysis tasks. However, how to automatically select the best divergence among the family for given data remains unknown. Here we propose a new estimation criterion to resolve the problem of selecting β. Our method(More)
Colors to dye for: Palladium-catalyzed regiospecific N-heteroarylations of amidines with 2-halo-N-heteroarenes leads to a structurally diverse library of BF2 /amidine-based complexes. These dyes not only present full-visible-color solid-state emissions with large Stokes shifts and high fluorescence quantum yields, but also exhibit a full-color-tunable(More)
A squaraine-based far-red/near-infrared fluorescent probe (SQ-DNBS) was exploited for thiophenol detection. SQ-DNBS is a colorimetric and "off-on" fluorometric dual-channel "naked-eye" chemosensor showing high selectivity, high sensitivity (detection limit: 9.9 nM), and rapid response to thiophenol in aqueous solution. SQ-DNBS also can be used in practical(More)
An asymmetrically substituted squaraine ASQC bearing a 9-carbazyl substituent exhibits an extremely deep HOMO energy level of -5.46 eV and a relatively low bandgap of 1.65 eV, hence renders solution-processed organic solar cells with an impressive Voc of up to 1.12 V and a PCE of 2.82%.