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Chlorophylls (Chls) are crucial for capturing light energy for photosynthesis. Although several genes responsible for Chl biosynthesis were characterized in rice (Oryza sativa), the genetic properties of the hydrogenating enzyme involved in the final step of Chl synthesis remain unknown. In this study, we characterized a rice light-induced yellow leaf 1-1(More)
Subtelomeric domains immediately adjacent to telomeres represent one of the most dynamic and rapidly evolving regions in eukaryotic genomes. A common feature associated with subtelomeric regions in different eukaryotes is the presence of long arrays of tandemly repeated satellite sequences. However, studies on molecular organization and evolution of(More)
Hybridization and polyploidization are prominent processes in plant evolution. Hybrids and allopolyploids typically exhibit radically altered gene expression patterns relative to their parents, a phenomenon termed "transcriptomic shock." To distinguish the effects of hybridization from polyploidization on coregulation of divergent alleles, we analyzed(More)
The centromere is a key chromosomal component for sister chromatid cohesion and is the site for kinetochore assembly and spindle fiber attachment, allowing each sister chromatid to faithfully segregate to each daughter cell during cell division. It is not clear what types of sequences act as functional centromeres and how centromere sequences are organized(More)
Plant height is one of the determinants that influence rice plant architecture and grain yield. Identification of useful novel genes related to plant height is necessary for breeding high-yield rice. In this study, C33084, a backcross introgression line derived from a  japonica cultivar (Balilla) as the recurrent parent and an indica cultivar (Dular) as the(More)
In eukaryotes, 45S rRNA genes are arranged in tandem arrays of repeat units, and not all copies are transcribed during mitosis. DNA methylation is considered to be an epigenetic marker for rDNA activation. Here, we established a clear and accurate karyogram for Jatropha curcas L. The chromosomal formula was found to be 2n=2x=22=12m+10 sm. We found that the(More)
Aneuploids cannot be stably preserved by sexual propagation, though they can maintain their genetic identity by asexual propagation. However, it is possible for somaclonal variation to occur during asexual propagation. Surveys taken from 2005 to 2007 showed that there were 26 lines with morphological variations from a total of 114 asexually propagated rice(More)
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