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OBJECTIVE The ventrolateral nucleus of the thalamus (VL), based on its connectivity with the cerebellum and motor cortex, has long been considered to be involved with motor functions. We show that the human VL also plays a prominent role in sensory processing. METHODS Structural magnetic resonance imaging and diffusion tensor imaging were used to localize(More)
Eight children with moderate to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) and eight matched, uninjured control children underwent fMRI during an N-back task to test effects of TBI on working memory performance and brain activation. Two patterns in the TBI group were observed. Patients whose criterion performance was reached at lower memory loads than control(More)
BACKGROUND Despite normal CT imaging and neurologic functioning, many individuals report postconcussion symptoms following mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI). This dissociation has been enigmatic for clinicians and investigators. METHODS Diffusion tensor imaging tractography of the corpus callosum was performed in 10 adolescents (14 to 19 years of age)(More)
Maple syrup urine disease (MSUD) is an inborn error of amino acid metabolism, which affects the brain tissue resulting in impairment or death if untreated. Imaging studies have shown reversible brain edema during acute metabolic decompensation. The purpose of this paper is to describe the diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and spectroscopy findings during(More)
Although it is known that low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) can affect tensor metrics, few studies reporting disease or treatment effects on fractional anisotropy (FA) report SNR; the implicit assumption is that SNR is adequate. However, the level at which low SNR causes bias in FA may vary with tissue FA, field strength and analytical methodology. We(More)
A localized proton 2D double-quantum (DQ) spin-echo spectroscopy technique was implemented on 1.5 T clinical MRI scanners for the detection of gamma-aminobutyrate (GABA) in the brain. The 2D approach facilitates separation of peaks overlapping with GABA in 1D DQ-filtered (DQF) spectra. This technique was applied to four normal adult volunteers and four(More)
We present a unique finding of an elevated level of pyruvate at 2.37 ppm revealed by in vivo MR spectroscopy of a female neonate. Low fibroblast pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) complex activity subsequently confirmed a diagnosis of PDH deficiency. Abnormalities of brain development consistent with PDH deficiency were also evident on fetal and postnatal MR(More)
Recent studies have explored characteristics of brain tumors by means of magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) to increase diagnostic accuracy and improve understanding of tumor biology. In this study, a computer-based neural network was developed to combine MRS data (ratios of N-acetyl-aspartate, choline, and creatine) with 10 characteristics of tumor(More)
Brain metabolic disorders are a major cause of mortality and morbidity in children. Proton MR spectroscopy is a sensitive diagnostic modality for these diseases. The abnormalities in metabolite levels revealed by MR spectroscopy provide specific information in a wide range of metabolic disturbances. Continuing MR imaging and MR spectroscopy yields maximum(More)
During human brain development through infancy and childhood, microstructural and macrostructural changes take place to reshape the brain's structural networks and better adapt them to sophisticated functional and cognitive requirements. However, structural topological configuration of the human brain during this specific development period is not well(More)