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The cytidine deaminase AID hypermutates immunoglobulin genes but can also target oncogenes, leading to tumorigenesis. The extent of AID's promiscuity and its predilection for immunoglobulin genes are unknown. We report here that AID interacted broadly with promoter-proximal sequences associated with stalled polymerases and chromatin-activating marks. In(More)
Although the cellular concentration of miRNAs is critical to their function, how miRNA expression and abundance are regulated during ontogeny is unclear. We applied miRNA-, mRNA-, and ChIP-Seq to characterize the microRNome during lymphopoiesis within the context of the transcriptome and epigenome. We show that lymphocyte-specific miRNAs are either tightly(More)
The B cell-specific enzyme activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID) has been shown to be essential for isotype switching and affinity maturation of antibody genes during the immune response. Conversely, AID activity has also been linked to autoimmunity and tumorigenesis. Determining how AID expression is regulated in vivo is therefore central to(More)
Phytases are a special class of phosphatases that catalyze the sequential hydrolysis of phytate to less-phosphorylated myo-inositol derivatives and inorganic phosphate. Bacillus phytases, which exhibit their desirable activity profile under neutral pH, higher thermal stability, and strict substrate specificity for the calcium-phytate complex, have(More)
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of irreversible blindness in the elderly population worldwide. Although recent studies have demonstrated strong genetic associations between AMD and SNPs in a number of genes, other modes of regulation are also likely to play a role in the etiology of this disease. We identified a significantly(More)
Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is induced by BCR-ABL1 and can be effectively treated for many years with Imatinib until leukemia cells acquire drug resistance through BCR-ABL1 mutations and progress into fatal B lymphoid blast crisis (LBC). Despite its clinical significance, the mechanism of progression into LBC is unknown. Here, we show that LBC but not(More)
The cell division cycle is regulated by a family of cyclin-dependent protein kinases (CDKs) that are functionally conserved among many eukaryotic species. The characterization of plasmodial CDKs has identified them as a leading antimalarial drug target in our laboratory. We have developed a three-dimensional QSAR pharmacophore model for inhibition of a(More)
Cyclin dependent protein kinases (CDKs) have become attractive drug targets in an effort to identify effective inhibitors of the parasite Plasmodium falciparum, the causative agent of the most severe form of human malaria. We tested known CDK inhibitors for their ability to inhibit two malarial CDKs: Pfmrk and PfPK5. Many broad spectrum CDK inhibitors(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic utility of real-time ultrasound elastography in differentiating benign from malignant thyroid nodules. METHODS A total of 90 consecutive patients with thyroid nodules who were referred for surgical treatment were examined in this prospective study. One hundred forty-five nodules in these(More)
Two Gram-positive, endospore-forming, alkaliphilic bacteria were isolated from water samples obtained from the Okuhida hot spa area of Japan. The unknown bacteria were characterized using phenotypic and molecular taxonomic methods. On the basis of phylogenetic evidence and phenotypic distinctiveness, a new species, Bacillus okuhidensis sp. nov., is(More)