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RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that distinct patterns of gray matter atrophy are responsible for unique interruptions of the naming process in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD). MATERIALS AND METHODS Voxel-based morphometry (VBM) was performed to characterize at the voxel level the(More)
Hierarchical B-splines have been widely used for shape modeling since their discovery by Forsey and Bartels. We present an application of this concept, in the form of free-form deformation, to image registration by matching two images at increasing levels of detail. Results using MRI brain data are presented that demonstrate high degrees of matching while(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine if in vivo high resolution 3D MRI and localized (1)H MR spectroscopy (MRS) can detect brain findings resembling Alzheimer's disease in a transgenic mouse model of Tau pathology. Seven double transgenic rTg4510 female mice and 7 age-matched wild-type (wt) female mice were evaluated at 5 months of age. To confirm the(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVE Abnormal neurodevelopment may play a role in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. We used deformation-based morphometry to examine voxel-wise age-related changes in patients with schizophrenia compared with healthy brains. MATERIALS AND METHODS We used a set of skull-stripped brains from an image database of cranial magnetic(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES We study morphologic characteristics and age-related changes in patients with schizophrenia to investigate whether abnormal neurodevelopment and brain structure have a role in the pathophysiological course of this disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS Our data consist of a set of cranial magnetic resonance images of 46 patients with(More)
The function of a brain region can be constrained by its anatomical connections. The Inferior Parietal Lobule (IPL) is a cortical region with marked functional heterogeneity, involved in visuospatial attention, memory, language and mathematical cognition. In this work three different variants of the normalized graph-cut clustering algorithm were applied to(More)
rTg4510 transgenic mouse model demonstrates features resembling Alzheimer's disease including neurofibrillary degeneration and progressive neuronal loss. We investigated the volumetric differences of brain structures between transgenic and wild-type mice using MR images of fourteen 5.5 month old female mice. Tensor-based morphometry and atlas-based(More)
A computational and experimental method on biomechanics of stent is presented to analyze the stress distribution of different phases and evaluate the fatigue life according to Goodman criteria. As a result, the maximum stress and alternating stress were always located at the curvature area of rings, the fatigue bands in the experiment also verified the(More)
Naoxinqing (NXQ, a standardized extract of Diospyros kaki leaves) is a patented and approved drug of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) used for the treatment of apoplexy syndrome for years in China, but its underlying mechanism remains to be further elucidated. The present study investigates the effects of NXQ against focal ischemia/reperfusion injury(More)
Coronary artery vibrometry is a new transthoracic Doppler ultrasound method for the detection of coronary artery stenosis. It detects audio-frequency vibrations generated by coronary artery luminal diameter reduction. We studied 31 patients with known or suspected stenosis using coronary artery vibrometry and quantitative coronary angiography and 83 normal(More)