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BACKGROUND MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of endogenous small non-coding RNAs of 20-25 nucleotides that play a key role in diverse biological processes. Japanese flounder undergo dramatic metamorphosis in their early development. The metamorphosis is characterized by morphological transformation from a bilaterally symmetrical to an asymmetrical body shape(More)
In this study, we cloned and characterized cDNA sequences of two insulin-like growth factor binding protein-2 (IGFBP-2a and IGFBP-2b) from Japanese flounder, Paralichthys olivaceus. The full-length cDNA of IGFBP-2a is 1,046 bp long and consists an open frame (ORF) of 876 bp, a 5′-untranslated region (UTR) of 125 bp and a 3′-UTR of 45 bp. IGFBP-2b is 1,067(More)
Using zebrafish intestinal fatty acid-binding protein 2 (FABP2) mRNA sequence as the initial query probe, four highly homologous Paralichthys olivaceus EST sequences were retrieved from Genbank database. The assembled full-length cDNA contains the open reading frame of P. olivaceus FABP2 gene, which was validated by subsequent RT-PCR cloning. In the coding(More)
The masou salmon Δ5-desaturase-like gene (D5D) driven by the common carp β-actin promoter was transferred into common carp (Cyprinus carpio) that were fed two diets. For P1 transgenic fish fed a commercial diet, Δ6-desaturase-like gene (D6D) and stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD) mRNA levels in muscle were up-regulated (P < 0.05) 12.7- and 17.9-fold,(More)
Dicer is critical for producing mature microRNAs (miRNAs) from precursor molecules and small interfering RNAs and plays an important role in controlling development and metabolism. In the present study, we cloned the flounder dicer gene, which is 6585 nucleotides (nt), including a 5′-untranslated region (UTR) of 231 nt, a 3′-UTR of 663 nt and an open(More)
Serum response factor (SRF) is a MADS-box transcription factor that regulates the expression of genes involved in development, metabolism, cell proliferation, and differentiation. In the present study, we cloned the full-length SRF cDNA which includes the coding region of 1503 bp, a 573-bp 5′untranslated region (UTR) and a 400-bp 3′-UTR. The deduced 501(More)
Flatfish have the most extreme asymmetric body morphology of vertebrates. During metamorphosis, one eye migrates to the contralateral side of the skull, and this migration is accompanied by extensive craniofacial transformations and simultaneous development of lopsided body pigmentation. The evolution of this developmental and physiological innovation(More)
In vertebrates, thyroid hormone receptors (TRs) and deiodinases are essential for developmental events driven by the thyroid hormones (THs). However, the significance of deiodinases during the metamorphosis of the Japanese flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) remains unclear. Moreover, regulation and response of the TRs and deiodinases to THs in this fish are(More)
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