Learn More
BACKGROUND MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of endogenous small non-coding RNAs of 20-25 nucleotides that play a key role in diverse biological processes. Japanese flounder undergo dramatic metamorphosis in their early development. The metamorphosis is characterized by morphological transformation from a bilaterally symmetrical to an asymmetrical body shape(More)
MiR-1, miR-133a, and miR-206a have been identified as muscle-specific miRNAs. They play multiple crucial roles in the regulation of muscle development. Here, we show that these miRNAs were differentially expressed during the larval development of flounder, and specifically expressed in skeletal muscle and heart in adult tissues/organs. The expression levels(More)
Flatfish have the most extreme asymmetric body morphology of vertebrates. During metamorphosis, one eye migrates to the contralateral side of the skull, and this migration is accompanied by extensive craniofacial transformations and simultaneous development of lopsided body pigmentation. The evolution of this developmental and physiological innovation(More)
In this study, we cloned and characterized cDNA sequences of two insulin-like growth factor binding protein-2 (IGFBP-2a and IGFBP-2b) from Japanese flounder, Paralichthys olivaceus. The full-length cDNA of IGFBP-2a is 1,046 bp long and consists an open frame (ORF) of 876 bp, a 5′-untranslated region (UTR) of 125 bp and a 3′-UTR of 45 bp. IGFBP-2b is 1,067(More)
Histone deacetylase 4, which is a class II histone deacetylase, plays a critical role in development, differentiation of muscle, cell proliferation and metabolism. In our study, we obtained the full-length HDAC4 cDNA, which included the coding region of 3171bp, a 180bp 5'untranslated region (UTR) and a 760bp 3'UTR. The deduced HDAC4 protein contained all(More)
The masou salmon Δ5-desaturase-like gene (D5D) driven by the common carp β-actin promoter was transferred into common carp (Cyprinus carpio) that were fed two diets. For P1 transgenic fish fed a commercial diet, Δ6-desaturase-like gene (D6D) and stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD) mRNA levels in muscle were up-regulated (P < 0.05) 12.7- and 17.9-fold,(More)
The expression patterns of 197 miRNAs during Japanese flounder metamorphic development were recently analyzed. miR-17 was differentially expressed during the metamorphic period of the Japanese flounder; however, the role of miR-17 in Japanese flounder development has remained elusive to date. Bioinformatics analysis showed that Cdc42 was a putative target(More)
This study was aimed at elucidating the mechanism of immune responses in fresh water mussels during pearl culture. Alpha-2 macroglobulin gene (alpha(2)M) expression, acid phosphatase (ACP) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities, and hemocyte counts were evaluated after inserting a pearl nucleus into the visceral mass of Hyriopsis cumingii Lea (H. Lea).(More)
Insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1) plays an important role in IGF regulating vertebrate growth and development. In this study, we cloned IGFBP-1 cDNA from Japanese flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) liver. The full-length cDNA is 1070 bp, including a 5'-untranslated region (UTR) of 69 bp, a 3'-UTR of 272 bp, and an open reading frame(More)
Using zebrafish intestinal fatty acid-binding protein 2 (FABP2) mRNA sequence as the initial query probe, four highly homologous Paralichthys olivaceus EST sequences were retrieved from Genbank database. The assembled full-length cDNA contains the open reading frame of P. olivaceus FABP2 gene, which was validated by subsequent RT-PCR cloning. In the coding(More)