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BACKGROUND Treatment with steroids covers a wide spectrum of diseases in clinic. However, some users are suffering from serious side effects of steroid administration, while we enjoy the benefit it brings about. Osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) is a troublesome one among them. Recent studies have demonstrated that lipid metabolism disorder may play(More)
BACKGROUND Steroid usage has been considered as a leading cause of non-traumatic osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH), which is involved in hypo-fibrinolysis and blood supply interruption. Genetic polymorphisms in plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) have been demonstrated to be associated with ONFH risk in several populations. However, this(More)
BACKGROUND The pathogenesis of diabetic neuropathic pain is complicated and its underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Calmodulin-dependent protein kinases (CaMKs) IV (CaMKIV), one of CaMKs, regulates several transcription factors in pain mechanisms. High-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) is a key mediator in diabetic neuropathic pain. This study aims to find the(More)
BACKGROUND MyD88 is the adaptor protein of MyD88-dependent signaling pathway of TLRs and IL-1 receptor and regulates innate immune response. However, it was not clear whether and how MyD88 and related signaling pathways in the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) and spinal dorsal horn (SDH) are involved in neuropathic pain. METHODS Chronic constriction injury(More)
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