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In cognitive radio networks, knowledge of the position of the primary users is very important as it can be used to avoid harmful interference to the primary users, while at the same time be exploited to improve the spectrum utilization. In this paper, a semi range-based localization algorithm is proposed for the secondary users in cognitive radio networks(More)
Fe3O4@SiO2 magnetic nanoparticles modified by grafting poly(1-vinylimidazole) oligomer (FSPV) was fabricated as a novel adsorbent to remove Hg(II) from water. Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy confirmed the successful grafting of oligomer, and thermogravimetric analysis showed FSPV had a high grafting yield with organic content of 22.8%. Transmission(More)
Hematite coated magnetic nanoparticle (MNP@hematite) was fabricated through heterogeneous nucleation technique and used to remove trace Sb(III) from water. Powder X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and alternating gradient magnetometry were utilized to characterize the prepared adsorbent. TEM image showed that MNP@hematite particles(More)
Poly(1-vinylimidazole)-grafted Fe3O4@SiO2 magnetic nanoparticles (FSPV) were developed to remove both free Cd(II) and nitrilotriacetic acid (NTA) complexed Cd(II) from water. The adsorption capacity of NTA-complexed Cd(II) (42.1 mg/g) was larger than that of free Cd(II) (24.8 mg/g). Free Cd(II) and NTA-complexed Cd(II) could be reduced from 50 μg/L to below(More)
The problem of adaptive fuzzy output-constrained tracking fault-tolerant control (FTC) is investigated for the large-scale stochastic nonlinear systems of pure-feedback form. The nonlinear systems considered in this paper possess the unstructured uncertainties, unknown interconnected terms and unknown nonaffine nonlinear faults. The fuzzy logic systems are(More)
High oxidative stress can occur during ischemic reperfusion and chronic inflammation. It has been hypothesized that such oxidative challenges could contribute to clinical risks such as deep tissue pressure ulcers. Skeletal muscles can be challenged by inflammation-induced or reperfusion-induced oxidative stress. Oxidative stress reportedly can lower the(More)
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