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Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationship (QSAR) models are used increasingly to screen chemical databases and/or virtual chemical libraries for potentially bioactive molecules. These developments emphasize the importance of rigorous model validation to ensure that the models have acceptable predictive power. Using k nearest neighbors (kNN) variable(More)
A series of novel podophyllotoxin derivatives containing structural modifications at C-4 (7-14), C-4' (16-17), and the methylenedioxy A-ring (23-28) was synthesized and tested for inhibition of HIV replication. Four of these compounds (25-28) were previously reported to show EC(50) values of <0.001 microg/mL and therapeutic index (TI) values >120. Three of(More)
A number of curcumin analogues were prepared and evaluated as potential androgen receptor antagonists against two human prostate cancer cell lines, PC-3 and DU-145, in the presence of androgen receptor (AR) and androgen receptor coactivator, ARA70. Compounds 4 [5-hydroxy-1,7-bis(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-1,4,6-heptatrien-3-one], 20(More)
Protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) is a promising therapeutic target for type 2 diabetes. Herein, we report the evolution of a previously identified 3-phenylpropanoic acid-based PTP1B inhibitor to an orally active lead compound. A series of 3-phenylpropanoic acid-based PTP1B inhibitors were synthesized, and three of them,(More)
As part of a continuing search for potential anticancer drug candidates in the 2-phenyl-4-quinolone series, 3',6-substituted 2-phenyl-4-quinolone-3-carboxylic acid derivatives and their salts were synthesized and evaluated. Preliminary screening showed that carboxylic acid analogs containing a m-fluoro substituted 2-phenyl group displayed the highest in(More)
Three C4'-acyl derivatives (5-7) of GL-331 (4) were synthesized and evaluated for cytotoxic and DNA topoisomerase II (topo II) inhibitory activity. All three compounds were cytotoxic against KB and KB-7d cells. Compounds 5 and 7, but not 6, were potent inhibitors of the DNA topoisomerase II in vitro and this relative activity ranking was maintained for(More)
We have applied a variable selection k nearest neighbor quantitative structure-activity relationship (kNN QSAR) method to develop predictive QSAR models for 157 epipodophyllotoxins synthesized previously in our ongoing effort to develop potential anticancer agents. QSAR models were generated using multiple topological descriptors of chemical structures,(More)
We have employed in parallel the Catalyst HypoGen pharmacophore modeling approach and the variable selection k-nearest neighbor quantitative structure-activity relationship (kNN QSAR) method to model a diverse data set of p38 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase inhibitors. The HypoGen pharmacophore model, developed from a novel automated training set(More)
Fourteen naphthoquinone derivatives (1-14) were designed based on a putative proteasome inhibitor PI-083. These compounds were synthesized and evaluated against A549, DU145, KB, and KBvin tumor cell lines. Six compounds (2, 4, 8, 9, 10, and 13) showed antiproliferative activities comparable to that of PI-083. Among them, compound 8 was confirmed as a 20S(More)
Agents that cause DNA damage have been widely used as anticancer drugs because DNA lesions can initiate DNA checkpoints that induce cell death. The results presented here indicate that QS-ZYX-1-61, a derivative of VP-16, was significantly more potent than VP-16 in suppressing the viability of A549 cells. Treatment of cells with QS-ZYX-1-61 led to a DNA(More)