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Three brominated flame retardants (BFRs), tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA), hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), were measured in 103 human milk samples collected from Beijing in 2011. The donors' personal information, such as dietary habit and socioeconomic and lifestyle factors, was obtained by questionnaires.(More)
Manganese (Mn) toxicity is most often found in mining and welding industry workers. Accumulation of manganese in the brain can result in a syndrome similar to that of Parkinson's disease. Observations on former Mn-alloy workers suggested that residual effects could last for years after exposure. The objective of this study was to assess effects of Mn in the(More)
Two simple and efficient pretreatment procedures have been developed for the simultaneous extraction and cleanup of six novel brominated flame retardants (NBFRs) and eight common polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in human serum. The first sample pretreatment procedure was a quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged, and safe (QuEChERS)-based approach. An(More)
Endosulfan, a persistent organic pollutant, is widely used in agriculture as a pesticide. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the blood toxicity of different doses of endosulfan in Wistar rats. The experimental sample was composed of four groups, a control group that did not receive endosulfan and three endosulfan-exposed groups that respectively(More)
Based on the 5th Chinese Total Diet Study (TDS) carried out in 2011, the dietary exposure of Chinese population to three currently used brominated flame retardants (BFRs), tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA), hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD) and decabrominated diphenyl ether (BDE-209), was estimated and the related health risks were assessed. Levels of the three(More)
The reproductive toxicity of silica nanoparticles (SiNPs) is well known, but the underlying mechanism is still not clear. To investigate the toxic mechanism of SiNPs on spermatogenic cells, 60 C57 male mice were randomly and equally divided into three groups (the control group, the saline control group, and the SiNPs group) with two observed time points (45(More)
Two simplified sample preparation procedures for simultaneous extraction and clean-up of tetrabromobisphenol A, α-, β-, and γ-hexabromocyclododecane and polybrominated diphenyl ethers in human serum were developed and validated. The first procedure was based on solid-phase extraction. Sample extraction, purification, and lipid removal were carried out(More)
A solid-phase extraction (SPE) method for the simultaneous extraction of hexabromocyclododecanes (HBCDs)/tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in human serum was developed. The extracts of HBCDs/TBBPA and PBDEs were determined using ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) and gas(More)
On the basis of superposition of beams, a group of virtual sources that generate a cosh-Gaussian wave is identified. A closed-form expression is derived for this cosh-Gaussian wave, which, in the appropriate limit, yields the paraxial approximation for the cosh-Gaussian beam. From this expression, the paraxial approximation and the nonparaxial corrections(More)
A national survey of three currently used brominated flame retardants (BFRs), tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA), hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD) and decabrominated diphenyl ether (BDE-209) in human milk was conducted in 2011. Human milk from 16 provinces of China were collected, pooled and measured. The estimated daily intake (EDI) via human milk ingestion for(More)