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Defining a relation between granules and computing ever-changing granules are two important issues in granular computing. In view of this, this work proposes a partial order relation and lattice computing, respectively, for dealing with the aforementioned issues. A fuzzy lattice granular computing classification algorithm, or FL-GrCCA for short, is proposed(More)
Evacuation planning is a fundamental requirement to ensure that most people can be evacuated to a safe area when a natural accident or an intentional act happens in a stadium environment. The central challenge in evacuation planning is to determine the optimum evacuation routing to safe areas. We describe the evacuation network within a stadium as a(More)
Landmarks provide the most predominant navigation cue for pedestrian navigation. Very few navigation data models in the geographical information science and transportation communities support modeling of landmarks and use of landmark-based route instructions for pedestrian navigation services. This article proposes a landmark-based pedestrian navigation(More)
Keywords: Multi-depot vehicle routing problem Metaheuristic Local search Simulated annealing Voronoi diagram a b s t r a c t In this paper, a bi-level Voronoi diagram-based metaheuristic is introduced to solve the large-scale multi-depot vehicle routing problem (MDVRP). The upper level of the Voronoi diagram, derived from the depots, is used to allocate(More)