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This article provides several new insights into the economic sources of skewness. First, we document the differential pricing of individual equity options versus the market index and relate it to variations in return skewness. Second, we show how risk aversion introduces skewness in the risk-neutral density. Third, we derive laws that decompose individual(More)
We propose a new and direct measure of investor attention using search frequency in Google (Search Volume Index (SVI)). In a sample of Russell 3000 stocks from 2004 to 2008, we find that SVI (1) is correlated with but different from existing proxies of investor attention; (2) captures investor attention in a more timely fashion and (3) likely measures the(More)
Any admissible portfolio performance measure should satisfy four minimal conditions: it assigns zero performance to each reference portfolio and it is linear, continuous, and nontrivial. Such an admissible measure exists if and only if the securities market obeys the law of one price. A positive admissible measure exists if and only if there is no(More)
This article offers a tractable monetary asset pricing model. In monetary economies, the price level, inflation, asset prices, and the real and nominal interest rates have to be determined simultaneously and in relation to each other. This link allows us to relate in closed form each of the dependent entities to the underlying real and monetary variables.(More)
The market dynamics of technology stocks in the late 1990s have stimulated a growing body of theory that analyzes the joint effects of short-sales constraints and heterogeneous beliefs on stock prices and trading volume. This paper examines several implications of these theories using a unique data sample from a market with stringent short-sales constraints(More)
Do demographic patterns affect stock returns across industries? While there is a substantial literature on the impact of demographic fluctuations on aggregate stock returns (Gurdip S. is little evidence on the effect of demographics on cross-sectional returns. In this paper, we investigate this relationship. We analyze the impact of shifts in cohort sizes(More)
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for helpful discussions. Any remaining errors are our responsibility alone. Abstract This paper examines informed trading in the options versus the stock market prior to takeover announcements. Prior to an announcement, the percentage increase in call volume for target firms is roughly four times as large as the increase in stock volume. Moreover,(More)