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Lipid peroxidation plays an important role in cell membrane damage. We investigated the effect of lipid peroxidation on the properties of 1-palmitoyl-2-linoleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphatidylcholine (PLPC) lipid bilayers using molecular dynamics simulations. We focused on four main oxidation products of linoleic acid with either a hydroperoxide or an aldehyde(More)
We have reparameterized the dihedral parameters in a commonly used united-atom lipid force field so that they can be used with the all-atom OPLS force field for proteins implemented in the molecular dynamics simulation software GROMACS. Simulations with this new combination give stable trajectories and sensible behaviour of both lipids and protein. We have(More)
The hydration free energies of amino acid side chains are an important determinant of processes that involve partitioning between different environments, including protein folding, protein complex formation, and protein-membrane interactions. Several recent papers have shown that calculated hydration free energies for polar and aromatic residues (Trp, His,(More)
BtuF is the periplasmic binding protein (PBP) in the vitamin B(12) uptake system in Escherichia coli where it is associated with the ABC transporter BtuCD. When the ligand binds, PBPs generally display large conformational changes, commonly termed the Venus flytrap mechanism. BtuF belongs to a group of PBPs that, on the basis of crystal structures, does not(More)
This study mainly focuses on the risk evaluation of customer integration in new product development. Customer integration in product innovation projects has been widely recognized a best practice to enhance innovation success rate and reduces the development cycle time, but it also has many potential risks including loss of know-how, much dependence on(More)
It has become an important trend in the manufacturing industry that service is used to enhance the competitiveness of businesses as well as an important source of values. Aiming to extend the achievements of product configuration in manufacturing industry to service industry, an ontology-based product–service configuration approach is presented in this(More)
Syringomycin-E (SR-E) is a cyclic lipodepsinonapeptide produced by certain strains of the bacterium Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae. It shows inhibitory effects against many fungal species, including human pathogens. Its primary biological target is the plasma membrane, where it forms channels comprised of at least six SR-E molecules. The high-resolution(More)