Zhirong Jiang

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We sought to identify neurotoxin(s) secreted by HIV-1-infected mononuclear phagocytes that could contribute to the pathophysiology of HIV-1-associated dementia (HAD). Neurotoxic factors were characterized in batches of conditioned media (CM) from human monocyte-derived macrophages (MDM) infected with HIV-1(ADA) and/or activated with lipopolysaccharide(More)
Decreased topoisomerase II (Topo II) activity results in resistance to antineoplastic agents targeting this enzyme. Dox1V derived from human multiple myeloma RPMI 8226 demonstrated a 4-fold resistance to doxorubicin in the absence of MDR1 overexpression or topo II mutations (Futscher B.W., Foley N., Gleason-Guzman M., Meltzer P.S., Sullivan D.M., and Dalton(More)
Osmotic-response element-binding protein (OREBP), also known as TonEBP or NFAT5, is thought to be responsible for the induction of osmolyte-accumulating genes when cells are under hypertonic stress. Recent studies suggest that OREBP also plays a role in water reabsorption in the kidney, T-cell proliferation, and embryonic development. We developed(More)
Morphine enhances the release of adenosine and its metabolites from the rat cerebral cortex and inhibits the release of acetylcholine. Naloxone antagoinizes the effects of morphine on both purine and acetylcholine release. The adenosine antagonists, caffeine and theophylline, reduce morphine's effects on acetylcholine release, and at the same time increase(More)
Morphine (1 and 5 mg/kg), administered intravenously, increased the rate of efflux of purines from intact rat cerebral cortices prelabelled with 3H-adenosine. Naloxone antagonized morphine's action. It is suggested that the depressant actions of morphine on transmission in the central nervous system may be related to this enhancement of extracellular levels(More)
Phospholipase D (PLD), a highly regulated enzyme that generates the second messenger phosphatidic acid, functions in signal transduction, membrane trafficking and cytoskeletal reorganization. PLD is thought to be involved in the pathogenesis of diabetic complications by activating PKC. Since PKC and PLD are present in the lens we sought to determine if PLD(More)
We report on THz emission measurements and low temperature scanning laser imaging of Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 intrinsic Josephson junction stacks. Coherent emission is observed at large dc input power, where a hot spot and a standing wave, formed in the "cold" part of the stack, coexist. By changing bias current and bath temperature, the emission frequency can be(More)
Morphine (1 mg/kg) enhances the efflux of labelled adenosine and its derivatives from the rat cerebral cortex. Caffeine (40 mg/kg) does not alter either basal purine efflux rates or the enhanced efflux elicited by morphine. The antagonism by caffeine of morphine-evoked inhibition of acetylcholine (ACh) release from the cerebral cortex is unlikely therefore(More)
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