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Alzheimer's disease (AD) is pathologically characterized by accumulation of beta-amyloid (Abeta) protein deposits and/or neurofibrillary tangles in association with progressive cognitive deficits. Although numerous studies have demonstrated a relationship between brain pathology and AD progression, the Alzheimer's pathological hallmarks have not been found(More)
Redox factor-1 (Ref-1) is a dual-function protein involved in both DNA repair and transcriptional regulation. Ref-1 is modulated by cerebral ischemia and other oxidative stressors, and also regulates the DNA-binding activities of transcription factors implicated in Alzheimer's disease (AD)-related neurodegeneration. The present study examined Ref-1(More)
Tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.) is widely utilized as a major forage and turfgrass species in the temperate regions of the world and is a valuable plant material for studying molecular mechanisms of grass stress tolerance due to its superior drought and heat tolerance among cool-season species. Selection of suitable reference genes for(More)
This study identified stable reference genes for normalization of gene expression data in qRT-PCR analysis of leaf and root tissues in creeping bentgrass under four abiotic stresses. Examination of gene expression using quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) in plant responses to abiotic stresses can provide valuable information for stress-tolerance(More)
A dinucleotide deletion in human ubiquitin (Ub) B messenger RNA leads to formation of polyubiquitin (UbB)+1, which has been implicated in neuronal cell death in Alzheimer's and other neurodegenerative diseases. Previous studies demonstrate that UbB+1 protein causes proteasome dysfunction. However, the molecular mechanism of UbB+1-mediated neuronal(More)
OBJECTIVE Tissue plasminogen activator (tPA), a major regulator of fibrinolysis, is present in cerebrovascular endothelium. We have suggested that local regulation of tPA synthesis and release in brain microcirculation could be important determinants of the degree of damage after cerebral ischemia. In this study, the normal distribution of tPA antigen was(More)
Neuronal death through activation of the p53 stress response pathway has been implicated in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative disorders. The mechanisms regulating p53 accumulation and function in neurons are poorly understood. Recent evidence has demonstrated that Mdm2 is a major inhibitor of p53 that binds to and targets p53 for ubiquitin-mediated(More)
Beta-amyloid (Aβ) derived from amyloid precursor protein (APP) has been associated with retinal degeneration in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and glaucoma. This study examined whether hypoxia exposure induces Aβ accumulation in RGC-5 cells. While levels of APP mRNA and protein significantly increased in the cells, elevated abundance of Aβ was also observed in(More)
Intravascular injections of fluorescent or biotinylated tomato lectin were tested to study labeling of vascular elements in laboratory mice. Injections of Lycopersicon esculentum agglutinin (tomato lectin) (50–100 µg/100 µl) were made intravascularly, through the tail vein, through a cannula implanted in the jugular vein, or directly into the left ventricle(More)
The retinal degeneration characterized with death of retinal ganglion cells is a pathological hallmark and the final common pathway of various optic neuropathies. Thus, there is an urgent need for identifying potential therapeutic compounds for retinal protection. Tetramethylpyrazine has been suggested to be neuroprotective for central neurons by acting as(More)