Learn More
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is pathologically characterized by accumulation of beta-amyloid (Abeta) protein deposits and/or neurofibrillary tangles in association with progressive cognitive deficits. Although numerous studies have demonstrated a relationship between brain pathology and AD progression, the Alzheimer's pathological hallmarks have not been found(More)
Aggregation of misfolded proteins is characteristic of a number of neurodegenerative diseases, including Huntington disease (HD). The CCT/TRiC (chaperonin containing TCP-1/TCP-1 ring) chaperonin complex can inhibit aggregation and cellular toxicity induced by expanded repeat Huntingtin (mHtt) fragments. The substrate-binding apical domain of CCT/TRiC(More)
The retinal degeneration characterized with death of retinal ganglion cells is a pathological hallmark and the final common pathway of various optic neuropathies. Thus, there is an urgent need for identifying potential therapeutic compounds for retinal protection. Tetramethylpyrazine has been suggested to be neuroprotective for central neurons by acting as(More)
Nucleophosmin (NPM) is a multifunctional nucleolar protein that has been linked with nucleolar stress. In non-neuronal cell lines, NPM may enhance or inhibit the activity of tumor suppressor p53, a major apoptotic protein. The relationship between NPM and p53 in the central nervous system (CNS) remains unknown. Here, we assessed the role of NPM in the CNS(More)
Activation of the tumor suppressor gene, p53, has been strongly implicated in selective neuronal cell death. This study investigated p53 expression in the immature and adult rat brain following status epilepticus induced by the administration of lithium-pilocarpine (LPSE). Both p53 mRNA and protein were examined in relation to neuronal degeneration using in(More)
Intravascular injections of fluorescent or biotinylated tomato lectin were tested to study labeling of vascular elements in laboratory mice. Injections of Lycopersicon esculentum agglutinin (tomato lectin) (50–100 µg/100 µl) were made intravascularly, through the tail vein, through a cannula implanted in the jugular vein, or directly into the left ventricle(More)
A dinucleotide deletion in human ubiquitin (Ub) B messenger RNA leads to formation of polyubiquitin (UbB)+1, which has been implicated in neuronal cell death in Alzheimer's and other neurodegenerative diseases. Previous studies demonstrate that UbB+1 protein causes proteasome dysfunction. However, the molecular mechanism of UbB+1-mediated neuronal(More)
We evaluated the expression of DNA repair proteins, redox factor-1 (Ref-1) and X-ray repair cross-complementing protein 1 (XRCC1), relevant to neurodegeneration following kainic acid-induced seizures in rats. Neurons with oxidative DNA damage exhibited increased expression and colocalization of Ref-1 and XRCC1. Upregulation of DNA repair proteins was also(More)
Beta-amyloid (Aβ) derived from amyloid precursor protein (APP) has been associated with retinal degeneration in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and glaucoma. This study examined whether hypoxia exposure induces Aβ accumulation in RGC-5 cells. While levels of APP mRNA and protein significantly increased in the cells, elevated abundance of Aβ was also observed in(More)
Activation of the p53-stress response pathway has been implicated in excitotoxic neuronal cell death. Recent studies have demonstrated an age-dependent induction of both p53 mRNA and protein in the rat brain following lithium-pilocarpine-mediated status epilepticus (LPSE). We investigated whether other proteins that have been shown to participate in the p53(More)