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It has long been known that cells can be induced to migrate by the application of small d.c. electric fields (EFs), a phenomenon referred to as galvanotaxis. We recently reported some significant effects of electric signals of physiological strength in guiding cell migration and wound healing. We present here protocols to apply an EF to cells or tissues(More)
Monocarboxylate transporter isoform 1 (MCT1) is an important member of the proton-linked MCT family and has been reported in an array of human cancer cell lines and primary human tumors. MCT1 expression is associated with developing a new therapeutic approach for cancer. In this study, we initially showed that MCT1 is expressed in a variety of human(More)
Histone deacetylase 6 (HDAC6) is a cytosolic enzyme that catalyzes deacetylation of several proteins. Acetylated tubulin has been recently identified as a physiological substrate of HDAC6. However in previous reports, all in vitro binding and enzymatic assays were accomplished with only partially purified protein samples. Therefore, it still remained(More)
PCBP2 is a member of the poly(C)-binding protein (PCBP) family, which plays an important role in posttranscriptional and translational regulation by interacting with single-stranded poly(C) motifs in target mRNAs. Several PCBP family members have been reported to be involved in human malignancies. Here, we show that PCBP2 is upregulated in human glioma(More)
This study investigated the extent and treatability of the degradation of 59 volatile organic compounds (VOCs) listed in the EPA SW-846 Method 8260B with thermally activated persulfate oxidation. Data on the degradation of the 59 VOCs (in mixture) reacted with sodium persulfate in concentrations of 1 g l(-1) and 5 g l(-1) and at temperatures of 20 degrees(More)
It has been reported that ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme 9 (Ubc9), the unique enzyme2 in the sumoylation pathway, is up-regulated in many cancers. However, the expression and regulation of UBC9 in glioma remains unknown. In this study, we found that Ubc9 was up-regulated in glioma tissues and cell lines compared to a normal control. UBC9 knockdown by small(More)
It is generally agreed that reactive oxygen species (ROS) contribute to skin aging, skin disorders, and skin diseases. Skin possesses an extremely efficient antioxidant system. This antioxidant activity is conferred by two systems: antioxidant enzymes and small molecules that can scavenge ROS by donating electrons. No gene-encoded secreted ROS scavengers(More)
The mechanisms by which cancer cells migrate to metastasise are not fully understood. Breast cancers are accompanied by electrical depolarisation of tumour epithelial cells. The electrical changes can be detected on the skin and are used to differentiate malignant from benign breast tumours. Could the electrical signals play a role in metastasis by(More)
PURPOSE Aliskiren inhibits the activation of the renin-angiotensin system. Here, we investigated the effects of aliskiren on chronic atrial iron remodeling in the experimental canine model of rapid atrial pacing. METHODS Twenty-eight dogs were assigned to sham (S), control paced (C), paced + aliskiren (10 mg Kg(-1) d(-1), A1), and paced + aliskiren (20 mg(More)