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BACKGROUND Tribolium castaneum is a species of Coleoptera, the largest and most diverse order of all eukaryotes. Components of the innate immune system are hardly known in this insect, which is in a key phylogenetic position to inform us about genetic innovations accompanying the evolution of holometabolous insects. We have annotated immunity-related genes(More)
Rabbit Hemorrhagic Disease (RHD) is a severe acute viral disease specifically affecting the European rabbit Oryctolagus cuniculus. As the European rabbit is the predominant species of domestic rabbit throughout the world, RHD contributes towards significant losses to rabbit farming industries and endangers wild populations of rabbits in Europe and other(More)
Tribolium castaneum is a member of the most species-rich eukaryotic order, a powerful model organism for the study of generalized insect development, and an important pest of stored agricultural products. We describe its genome sequence here. This omnivorous beetle has evolved the ability to interact with a diverse chemical environment, as shown by large(More)
After a brief introduction to the basic concepts of reverse logistics, we present a two-level location problem with three types of facility to be located in a specific reverse logistics system, named a Remanufacturing Network (RMN). For this problem, we propose a 0–1 mixed integer programming model, in which we simultaneously consider " forward " and "(More)
Corylus was renowned for its production of hazelnut and taxol. To understand the local adaptation of Chinese species and speed up breeding efforts in China, we analyzed the leaf transcriptome of Corylus mandshurica, which had a high tolerance to fungal infections and cold. A total of 12,255,030 clean pair-end reads were generated and then assembled into(More)
Nowadays, it is an important trend in the system domain to use the software-based virtualization technology to build the execution environments (e.g., the Clouds). After introducing the virtualization layer, there exist two schedulers: One in the hypervisor and the other inside the Guest Operating System (GOS). To fully understand the virtualized system and(More)