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Using next-generation sequencing technology alone, we have successfully generated and assembled a draft sequence of the giant panda genome. The assembled contigs (2.25 gigabases (Gb)) cover approximately 94% of the whole genome, and the remaining gaps (0.05 Gb) seem to contain carnivore-specific repeats and tandem repeats. Comparisons with the dog and human(More)
A modified bio-polymers was prepared by melt reactive blending Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-4-hydroxybutyrate) [P(3HB-co-4HB)] with commercial chain extenders (ADR-4367). Steady shear and oscillatory measurements were employed to characterize viscoelastic properties of the chain extended bio-polymres. The results show that after P(3HB-co-4HB) is blended with(More)
—In cognitive radio (CR) networks, secondary users can cooperatively sense the spectrum to detect the presence of primary users. In this paper, we propose a fully distributed and scalable cooperative spectrum-sensing scheme based on recent advances in consensus algorithms. In the proposed scheme, the secondary users can maintain coordination based on only(More)
The stability of Boolean networks and the stabilization of Boolean control networks are investigated. Using semi-tensor product of matrices and the matrix expression of logic, the dynamics of a Boolean (control) network can be converted to a discrete time linear (bilinear) dynamics, called the algebraic form of the Boolean (control) network. Then the(More)
A recent study reported that OLIG2 had a significant association with schizophrenia in the UK population. We genotyped three variants scattered among the genomic region of OLIG2, namely rs1005573, rs762178 and rs1059004 in a sample consisting of 329 schizophrenia patients and 288 controls. The results provide further evidence that the SNP rs762178 in OLIG2(More)
Heterozygous mutations in the gene encoding isocitrate dehydrogenase-1 (IDH1) occur in certain human brain tumors, but their mechanistic role in tumor development is unknown. We have shown that tumor-derived IDH1 mutations impair the enzyme's affinity for its substrate and dominantly inhibit wild-type IDH1 activity through the formation of catalytically(More)
BACKGROUND Schizophrenia is a complex major psychiatric disorder affecting ∼1% of the world population. Recently, in a genome-wide association study and a follow-up in Caucasians, Stefansson et al. examined 7662 schizophrenic cases and 29053 normal control subjects and reported seven common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that were significantly(More)
Seventy percent of breast cancers express estrogen receptor (ER), and most of these are sensitive to ER inhibition. However, many such tumors for unknown reasons become refractory to inhibition of estrogen action in the metastatic setting. We conducted a comprehensive genetic analysis of two independent cohorts of metastatic ER-positive breast tumors and(More)