Zhiqiang Han

Learn More
Mice with 50% Pdx1, a homeobox gene critical for pancreatic development, had worsening glucose tolerance with age and reduced insulin release in response to glucose, KCl, and arginine from the perfused pancreas. Surprisingly, insulin secretion in perifusion or static incubation experiments in response to glucose and other secretagogues was similar in islets(More)
The insulin and IGF signaling pathways are critical for development and maintenance of pancreatic beta cell mass and function. The serine-threonine kinase Akt is one of several mediators regulated by these pathways. We have studied the role of Akt in pancreatic beta cell physiology by generating transgenic mice expressing a kinase-dead mutant of this enzyme(More)
Insulin is both a hormone regulating energy metabolism and a growth factor. We and others have shown that physiological doses of insulin initiate complex signals in primary human and mouse beta-cells, but the functional significance of insulin's effects on this cell type remains unclear. In the present study, the role of insulin in beta-cell apoptosis was(More)
Cells are programmed to die when critical signaling and metabolic pathways are disrupted. Inhibiting the type 2 ryanodine receptor (RyR2) in human and mouse pancreatic beta-cells markedly increased apoptosis. This mode of programmed cell death was not associated with robust caspase-3 activation prompting a search for an alternative mechanism. Increased(More)
Diverse types of voltage-gated potassium (K+) channels have been shown to be involved in regulation of cell proliferation. The maxi-conductance Ca2+-activated K+ channels (BK channels) may play an important role in the progression of human cancer. To explore the role of BK channels in regulation of apoptosis in human ovarian cancer cells, the effects of the(More)
Human papillomavirus (HPV) E2 gene disruption is one of the key features of HPV-induced cervical malignant transformation. Though it is thought to prevent progression of carcinogenesis, the pro-apoptotic function of E2 protein remains poorly understood. This study shows that expression of HPV16 E2 induces apoptosis both in HPV-positive and -negative(More)
Ovarian cancer is the leading cause of gynecologic cancer deaths among women. Although platinum-based chemotherapy is the first-line treatment for human ovarian cancer, chemoresistance remains a major obstacle to successful treatment, and there are currently no approved molecularly targeted therapies. Recent evidence indicates that signal transducer and(More)
A significant proportion of prostate cancer patients treated with curative intent develop advanced disease. At a fundamental biological level, very little is known about what makes the disease aggressive and metastatic. Observational pathology reports and experimental data suggest that an epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is involved in prostate(More)
Ezrin primarily acts as a linker between the plasma membrane and the cytoskeleton and is a key component in tumor metastasis. In the present study, RNA interference (RNAi) using ezrin small hairpin RNAs (ezrin shRNAs) was used to define the roles of ezrin in the regulation of malignant behaviors of human breast cancer. The highly metastatic human breast(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of Stat3 in cisplatin resistant ovarian cancer. It was first demonstrated that higher activated Stat3 was detected in cisplatin-resistant ovarian cancer cell lines. To provide evidence that supported the hypothesis that phosphorylated-Stat3 expression may promote cisplatin resistance, ectopic Stat3(More)