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BACKGROUND This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of Xiaoyaosan (XYS) for treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD) and to review the studies on antidepressant mechanisms of XYS. METHODS The China Knowledge Resource Integrated Database (1998-2014), VIP Journal Integration Platform (1989-2009), and PubMed (1950-2014) were used to search for and(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Danzhi Xiaoyao San (DXS) is a canonical Chinese medicine formula from Principles of Internal Medicine, which was written during the Ming dynasty. This formula is approved and commercialized for use in the prevention and treatment of affective disorders. This study is aimed to investigate the hypothesis that DXS treats(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the approaches and techniques for synthetic evaluation of the clinical therapeutic effect of new Chinese herbal medicine in clinical trials. METHODS In a double-blind, randomized, and placebo-controlled clinical trail, analytic hierarchy process (AHP) was applied to evaluate the clinical therapeutic effect of Shengmai capsule in the(More)
Long-term treatment with high-dose Interferon-alpha (IFN-α) has resulted in depression in 30-50% of the patients. Paeoniflorin may ameliorate the IFN-α-induced depression; however, the underlying mechanism is less studied. Here, we investigated the prophylactic antidepressant and anti-neuroinflammatory effects of paeoniflorin on the behaviors and specific(More)
UNLABELLED Negative feedback immune mechanisms are essential for maintenance of hepatic homeostasis and prevention of immune-mediated liver injury. We show here that scavenger receptor A (SRA/CD204), a pattern recognition molecule, is highly up-regulated in the livers of patients with autoimmune or viral hepatitis, and of mice during concanavalin A (Con(More)
Noroviruses (NoVs) are the leading cause of viral acute gastroenteritis affecting people of all ages worldwide. The disease is difficult to control due to its widespread nature and lack of an antiviral or vaccine. NoV infection relies on the interaction of the viruses with histo-blood group antigens (HBGAs) as host receptors. Here we investigated inhibition(More)
This study was designed to evaluate the hepatoprotective effects of S. miltiorrhiza polysaccharides (SMPS) in immunological liver injury induced by Bacille-Calmette-Guerin (BCG) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in mice. SMPS effectively improved the liver index, spleen index and thymus index, reduced the serum levels of alanine aminotransferase, aspartate(More)
This study was designed to investigate mechanisms of the protective effects of Salvia miltiorrhiza polysaccharide (SMPS) against lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced immunological liver injury (ILI) in Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG)-primed mice. Two-dimensional difference gel electrophoresis (2D-DIGE) and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization(More)
UNLABELLED Caveolin-1 (Cav-1) is known to participate in many diseases, but its roles in alcoholic liver injury remain unknown. In the present study, we aimed to explore the roles of Cav-1 in protecting hepatocytes from ethanol-mediated nitrosative injury. We hypothesized that Cav-1 could attenuate ethanol-mediated nitrosative stress and liver damage(More)
Dysregulation of miRNAs is a common feature in human cancers, but this phenomenon has not been studied extensively in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). miR-128 has been found to be downregulated in cancer. However its role in HCC remains unclear. miR-128 was underexpressed in HCC tissues and cell lines compared with their normal controls. Additionally, ITGA2(More)