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ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Danzhi Xiaoyao San (DXS) is a canonical Chinese medicine formula from Principles of Internal Medicine, which was written during the Ming dynasty. This formula is approved and commercialized for use in the prevention and treatment of affective disorders. This study is aimed to investigate the hypothesis that DXS treats(More)
UNLABELLED Negative feedback immune mechanisms are essential for maintenance of hepatic homeostasis and prevention of immune-mediated liver injury. We show here that scavenger receptor A (SRA/CD204), a pattern recognition molecule, is highly up-regulated in the livers of patients with autoimmune or viral hepatitis, and of mice during concanavalin A (Con(More)
Xiao Yao San (XYS) is a classical Chinese medicine formula that has been widely used to treat mood disorders for hundreds of years. To confirm the effect of XYS and better understand its underlying mechanism, high-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis-based quality control of XYS extracts and proteomics-based identification of(More)
This study was designed to evaluate the hepatoprotective effects of S. miltiorrhiza polysaccharides (SMPS) in immunological liver injury induced by Bacille-Calmette-Guerin (BCG) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in mice. SMPS effectively improved the liver index, spleen index and thymus index, reduced the serum levels of alanine aminotransferase, aspartate(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the association of intercellular cell-adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) and high-mobility group A1 (HMGA1) gene variants with diabetic retinopathy (DR) in a Chinese type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) cohort. METHODS A total of 792 patients with T2DM were enrolled and categorized into two groups: (1) the DR group consisted of 448 patients,(More)
PURPOSE This study was designed to investigate the association between the polymorphisms in three insulin resistance-related genes, uncoupling protein-1 (UCP1), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) and transcription factor 7-like 2 (TCF7L2) and the susceptibility to diabetic retinopathy (DR) in a Chinese type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM)(More)
This study was designed to investigate mechanisms of the protective effects of Salvia miltiorrhiza polysaccharide (SMPS) against lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced immunological liver injury (ILI) in Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG)-primed mice. Two-dimensional difference gel electrophoresis (2D-DIGE) and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization(More)
Dysregulation of miRNAs is a common feature in human cancers, but this phenomenon has not been studied extensively in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). miR-128 has been found to be downregulated in cancer. However its role in HCC remains unclear. miR-128 was underexpressed in HCC tissues and cell lines compared with their normal controls. Additionally, ITGA2(More)
Noroviruses (NoVs) are the leading cause of viral acute gastroenteritis affecting people of all ages worldwide. The disease is difficult to control due to its widespread nature and lack of an antiviral or vaccine. NoV infection relies on the interaction of the viruses with histo-blood group antigens (HBGAs) as host receptors. Here we investigated inhibition(More)
Most research focuses on the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, hypothalamus-pituitary-thyroid (HPT) axis, and hypothalamus-pituitary-gonadal (HPGA) axis systems of abnormalities of emotions and behaviors induced by stress, while no studies of Chinese herbal medicine such as Xiao Yao San (XYS) on the mechanisms of locus coeruleus-norepinephrine(More)