Zhipeng Zhou

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Mitochondrial permeability transition (PT) is a phenomenon induced by high levels of matrix calcium and is characterized by the opening of the PT pore (PTP). Activation of the PTP results in loss of mitochondrial membrane potential, expansion of the matrix, and rupture of the mitochondrial outer membrane. Consequently, PT has been implicated in both(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Sonic hedgehog (Shh) protein is required for the maintenance of neural progenitor cells (NPCs) in the embryonic and adult hippocampus. Brain ischemia causes increased proliferation of hippocampal NPCs. We therefore examined whether Shh regulates the increase in proliferation of NPCs after ischemia/hypoxia. METHODS Male SV129 mice(More)
Vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs) have been implicated in the pathophysiology of stroke, the third most common cause of death and the leading cause of long-term neurological disability in the world. However, there is little insight into the underlying cellular pathways that link SMC function to brain ischemia susceptibility. Using a hitherto(More)
AIM The aim of our study was to compare the short-term and long-term outcomes of resection and radiofrequency ablation (RFA) in cases of very early hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) (tumors<2 cm in diameter). PATIENTS AND METHODS Between July 2003 and August 2008, 52 patients were diagnosed as very early HCC (≤2 cm), of whom 21 received a liver resection and(More)
Recent studies suggest that dipyridamole (DP) may exert stroke protective effects beyond platelet inhibition. The purpose of this study is to determine whether statin and DP could enhance stroke protection through nitric oxide (NO)-dependent vascular effects. Mice were pretreated with DP (10 to 60 mg/kg, q 12 h, 3 days) alone or in combination with a statin(More)
BACKGROUND Migraine is an independent risk factor for stroke. Mechanisms underlying this association are unclear. Familial hemiplegic migraine (FHM), a migraine subtype that also carries an increased stroke risk, is a useful model for common migraine phenotypes because of shared aura and headache features, trigger factors, and underlying glutamatergic(More)
We previously found that TIGAR (TP53-induced glycolysis and apoptosis regulator) was upregulated in response to ischemia/reperfusion insult in a TP53-independent manner. The present study sought to investigate the regulatory mechanisms of TIGAR upregulation in animal and cellular models of stroke. The animal and cellular models of ischemia/reperfusion were(More)
The COP9 signalosome (CSN) is a highly conserved multifunctional complex that has two major biochemical roles: cleaving NEDD8 from cullin proteins and maintaining the stability of CRL components. We used mutation analysis to confirm that the JAMM domain of the CSN-5 subunit is responsible for NEDD8 cleavage from cullin proteins in Neurospora crassa. Point(More)
Rhythmic activation and repression of clock gene transcription is essential for the functions of eukaryotic circadian clocks. In the Neurospora circadian oscillator, frequency (frq) transcription requires the WHITE COLLAR (WC) complex. Here, we show that the transcriptional corepressor regulation of conidiation-1 (RCO-1) is essential for clock function by(More)
Codon usage bias is a universal feature of eukaryotic and prokaryotic genomes and has been proposed to regulate translation efficiency, accuracy, and protein folding based on the assumption that codon usage affects translation dynamics. The roles of codon usage in translation, however, are not clear and have been challenged by recent ribosome profiling(More)