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BACKGROUND Hepatocellular carcinoma is a common and aggressive cancer that occurs mainly in men. We examined microRNA expression patterns, survival, and response to interferon alfa in both men and women with the disease. METHODS We analyzed three independent cohorts that included a total of 455 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma who had undergone(More)
Accumulating evidence suggests a role for inflammation in the development and progression of cancer. Our group recently identified a cytokine gene signature in lung tissue associated with lung cancer prognosis. Therefore, we hypothesized that concentrations of circulating cytokines in serum may be associated with lung cancer survival. Ten serum cytokines,(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS We combined gene expression and metabolic profiling analyses to identify factors associated with outcomes of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS We compared metabolic and gene expression patterns between paired tumor and nontumor tissues from 30 patients with HCC, and validated the results using samples from 356(More)
Despite the identification of the 43 kDa transactive response DNA-binding protein (TDP-43) as a major pathological signatory protein in a wide range of neurodegenerative diseases, the mechanistic role of TDP-43 in neurodegenerative disorders is still poorly understood. Here, we report that TDP-43 is physically associated with fragile X mental retardation(More)
Cell cycle checkpoints play critical roles in the maintenance of genomic integrity. The inactivation of checkpoint genes by genetic and epigenetic mechanisms is frequent in all cancer types, as a less-efficient cell cycle control can lead to genetic instability and tumorigenesis. In an on-going case-control study consisting of 216 patients with non-small(More)
Environmental exposure to carcinogens and individual susceptibility play significant roles in cancer risk. Suboptimal DNA repair capability, measured by quantifying mutagen-induced chromosome breaks, might explain variable host susceptibility to environmental carcinogens. In an ongoing lung cancer case-control study, we compared individual sensitivity to(More)
Light-induced chemical reactions exist in nature, regulating many important cellular and organismal functions, e.g., photosensing in prokaryotes and vision formation in mammals. Here, we report the genetic incorporation of a photoreactive unnatural amino acid, p-(2-tetrazole)phenylalanine (p-Tpa), into myoglobin site-specifically in E. coli by evolving an(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Adjuvant therapies for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) such as interferon-alpha are effective only in a subset of patients. Previously we found that HCC patients with low level of miR-26 have survival benefits from interferon-alpha. The purpose of this study is to develop a standardized miR-26 diagnostic test (referred as MIR26-DX) to(More)
Photoactivatable fluorescent probes are invaluable tools for the study of biological processes with high resolution in space and time. Numerous strategies have been developed in generating photoactivatable fluorescent probes, most of which rely on the photo-"uncaging" and photoisomerization reactions. To broaden photoactivation modalities, here we report a(More)
Reactive yet stable alkene reporters offer a facile route to studying fast biological processes via the cycloaddition-based bioorthogonal reactions. Here, we report the design and synthesis of a strained spirocyclic alkene, spiro[2.3]hex-1-ene (Sph), for an accelerated photoclick chemistry, and its site-specific introduction into proteins via amber codon(More)