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Osthole has been reported to possess a variety of pharmacological activities, such as antiinflammatory effect. In the present study, we have investigated the effect of osthole on lung inflammation associated with carrageenan-induced pleurisy in rats. The result showed that osthole could inhibit significantly pleural exudates formation and PMNs infiltration.(More)
Using polarization dependent scattering spectroscopy, we investigate plasmon propagation on branched silver nanowires. By controlling the polarization of the incident laser light, the wire plasmons can be routed into different wire branches and result in light emission from the corresponding wire ends. This routing behavior is found to be strongly dependent(More)
This study focused on the fouling behaviors of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) in a mesophilic anaerobic membrane bioreactor (AnMBR) to obtain the relations of EPS specific constituents with membrane fouling. It was found that for the EPS extracted from bulk sludge, the LB-EPS induced the largest flux decline; however, for EPS extracted from cake(More)
Manganese (Mn) is an essential trace element required for normal development and bodily function. However, little is known about the effect of excessive amounts of Mn in immune organs of poultry. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of dietary Mn on the content of trace elements, such as copper (Cu), iron (Fe), zinc (Zn), calcium (Ca), and(More)
How autophagy, an evolutionarily conserved intracellular catabolic system for bulk degradation, selectively degrades protein aggregates is poorly understood. Here, we show that several maternally derived germ P granule components are selectively eliminated by autophagy in somatic cells during C. elegans embryogenesis. The activity of sepa-1 is required for(More)
The molecular understanding of autophagy has originated almost exclusively from yeast genetic studies. Little is known about essential autophagy components specific to higher eukaryotes. Here we perform genetic screens in C. elegans and identify four metazoan-specific autophagy genes, named epg-2, -3, -4, and -5. Genetic analysis reveals that epg-2, -3, -4,(More)
BACKGROUND We intended to investigate the role of microRNA 137 (miR-137) in regulating pancreatic cancer cells' growth in vitro and tumor development in vivo. METHODS QTR-PCR was used to examine the expression of miR-137 in pancreatic cancer cell lines and tumor cells from human patients. Lentivirual vector containing miR-137 mimic was used to overexpress(More)
We describe the development of novel and biocompatible core/shell (α-NaYbF(4):Tm(3+))/CaF(2) nanoparticles that exhibit highly efficient NIR(in)-NIR(out) upconversion (UC) for high contrast and deep bioimaging. When excited at ~980 nm, these nanoparticles emit photoluminescence (PL) peaked at ~800 nm. The quantum yield of this UC PL under low power density(More)
Aberrant microRNA (miRNA) expression plays an essential role in the pathogenesis of Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC). However, specific involvement of miRNAs in HCC remains incompletely understood. The aim of this study was to explore the relevant microRNAs involved in the development of HCC. MicroRNA microarray was used to screen for the differentially(More)
We use optical tweezers to move single silver nanoparticles into near-field contact with immobilized particles, forming isolated surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) active Ag particle dimers. The surface-averaged SERS intensity increases by a factor approximately 20 upon dimerization. Electrodynamics calculations indicate that the final approach(More)