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We report four young women who developed acute psychiatric symptoms, seizures, memory deficits, decreased level of consciousness, and central hypoventilation associated with ovarian teratoma (OT) and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) inflammatory abnormalities. Three patients recovered with treatment of the tumor or immunosuppression and one died of the disorder.(More)
Adult neural stem cells (aNSCs) derived from the subventricular zone of the brain show therapeutic effects in EAE, an animal model of the chronic inflammatory neurodegenerative disease MS; however, the beneficial effects are modest. One critical weakness of aNSC therapy may be an insufficient antiinflammatory effect. Here, we demonstrate that i.v. or i.c.v.(More)
Lung macrophages link innate and adaptive immune responses during allergic airway inflammatory responses. Alveolar macrophages (AMs) and interstitial macrophages are two different phenotypes that differentially exert immunological function under physiological and pathological conditions. Exposure to pathogen induces polarization of AM cells into classically(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a debilitating neurological disorder of the central nervous system (CNS), characterized by activation and infiltration of leukocytes and dendritic cells into the CNS. In the initial phase of MS and its animal model, experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), peripheral macrophages infiltrate into the CNS, where, together(More)
It has been shown that adoptively transferred adult neural stem cells (NSCs) ameliorate experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) by differentiating into myelin-forming cells. However, NSC migration into the lesion foci is inefficient and relatively slow, resulting in only modest therapeutic effect. A possible reason for the inefficient migration of(More)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is an inflammatory and irreversible pulmonary disorder that is characterized by inflammation and airway destruction. In recent years, COPD has become a global epidemic due to increased air pollution and exposure to cigarette smoke. Current therapeutics using bronchiodialator and anti-inflammatory corticosteroids(More)
Cachexia is a frequent complication of cancer or other chronic diseases. To investigate the pathophysiology of cancer cachexia and pursue treatment options, we developed an in vitro assay of the effects of cancer cell-produced cytokines on primary muscle cells derived from murine skeletal muscle. These studies led to the novel observation that factors(More)
The bacterial enzyme chondroitinase ABC (ChABC), which cleaves chondroitin sulfate glycosaminoglycan chains, can degrade inhibitory scar tissue formed following spinal cord injury, thereby promoting axonal growth and regeneration. However, delivering the active enzyme for prolonged periods presents practical limitations. To overcome these problems, we(More)
Adenoviral vector (Ad)-mediated gene delivery of normal, full-length dystrophin to skeletal muscle provides a promising strategy for the treatment of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). However, cellular and humoral immune responses induced by vector gene transfer limit the application of this approach. Blockade of the costimulatory interaction between naïve(More)
Intravenous (i.v.) administration of encephalitogenic peptide can effectively prevent experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), an animal model of multiple sclerosis; however, the underlying cellular and molecular mechanisms are not fully understood. In this study, we induced i.v. tolerance to EAE by administration of MOG(35-55) peptide and(More)