Learn More
BACKGROUND Diabetic nephropathy is the leading cause of end-stage renal disease. Interruption of the renin-angiotensin system slows the progression of renal disease in patients with type 1 diabetes, but similar data are not available for patients with type 2, the most common form of diabetes. We assessed the role of the angiotensin-II-receptor antagonist(More)
The gaseous pollutant SO(2) readily reacts with water to form sulfite that impacts deleteriously on animal and plant health. By modulating the level of sulfite oxidase (SO) that catalyzes the transformation of sulfites to the non-toxic sulfate, we show that Arabidopsis and tomato plants can be rendered resistant or susceptible to SO(2)/sulfite. Plants in(More)
One of the major limitations in rice production is a shortage of water. Conventional breeding as well as emerging genetic engineering methods may be used to improve plant stress tolerance. Some transcription factors regulating stress responsive genes have become important target genes for improving plant drought tolerance. Previously, we have shown that a(More)
Type 2 diabetes is becoming the leading cause of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) worldwide. Prevalence of ESRD and the antihypertensive response to renin-angiotensin system intervention are suggested to vary among different ethnicities. The Reduction in Endpoints in Non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus with the Angiotensin II Antagonist Losartan (RENAAL)(More)
Sesuvium portulacastrum, a mangrove plant from seashore, is a halophyte species well adapted to salinity and drought. Some efforts have been made to describe its physiological and structural characteristics on salt and drought-tolerance, but the underlying molecular mechanism and key components have not yet been identified. Here, a fructose-1,6-bisphosphate(More)
BACKGROUND Angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) receptor antagonists and 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl conenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors have been shown to confer renoprotection. However, the renal effects of the combination of an AT1 receptor antagonist and an HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor in experimental diabetes are unknown. METHODS Diabetes was induced by(More)
The RENAAL Study is a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial to evaluate the renal protective effects of losartan in Type 2 diabetic patients with nephropathy. The study has enrolled 1513 patients and is expected to continue for 3.5 years after the last patient has been entered. Eligible patients must have a urinary albumin:creatinine ratio of at least 300(More)
Rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis) is an important industrial crop for natural rubber production. Ethylene, as a stimulant of latex production in H. brasiliensis, has been widely used in commercial latex production. However, the mechanism of ethylene action are not completely elucidated, especially in molecular aspect. Here, we focus on the molecular(More)
Interferon-alpha and -beta inhibit the interleukin-7-mediated growth and survival of T and B lymphoid progenitors via an unknown, STAT1-independent pathway. Gene expression profile analysis of interferon-beta-treated progenitor B cells revealed enhanced Daxx expression, with concomitant Daxx protein increase and nuclear body translocation. The interferon(More)
SpAQP1 was strongly induced by salt in an ABA-independent way, promoted seed germination and root growth in transgenic tobaccos and increased salt tolerance by increasing the activities of antioxidative enzymes. Aquaporin (AQP) plays crucial roles in the responses of plant to abiotic stresses such as drought, salt and cold. Compared to glycophytes,(More)