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The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) is a ligand-activated transcription factor implicated in multiple cellular processes and its expression has been shown to play a critical role in tumorigenesis. However, the role of AhR in tumorigenesis of hepatocellular carcinoma remains unclear. In the current study, we investigated the role of AhR in hepatocellular(More)
Enterovirus 71 (EV71) is a highly infectious agent that plays an etiological role in hand, foot, and mouth disease. It is associated with severe neurological complications and has caused significant mortalities in recent large-scale outbreaks. Currently, no effective vaccine or specific clinical therapy is available against EV71. Unmodified 21 nucleotide(More)
Successful DENV infection relies on its ability to evade the host innate immune system. By using iTRAQ labeling followed by LC-MS/MS analysis, DDX21 was identified as a new host RNA helicase involved in the DENV life cycle. In DENV infected cells, DDX21 translocates from nucleus to cytoplasm to active the innate immune response and thus inhibits DENV(More)
To investigate the role of viral load in the pathogenesis of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome, the Hantaan virus RNA load in plasma from 101 patients was quantified, and the relationships between viral load and disease course, severity, and level of specific humoral immunity were analyzed. The viral load, detectable in 79 patients, ranged from 3.43 to(More)
To develop a vaccine against hepatitis C virus (HCV), a multi-epitope peptide was synthesized from nonstructural proteins containing HLA-A2 epitopes inducing mainly responses in natural infection. The engineered vaccine candidate, VAL-44, consists of multiple epitopes from the HCV NS5A, NS4B and core proteins. Immunization with the VAL-44 peptide induced(More)
PURPOSE Carbapenems are important agents for the therapy of Gram-negative bacillus infections, and the development of their resistance hampers effective therapeutic options. The purpose of this study was to assess the major mechanisms and risk factors leading to carbapenem resistance in clinical Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates. METHODS Thirty-four(More)
CD8+ T cells play an important role in early HIV infection. However, HIV has the capacity to avoid specific CTL responses due to a high rate of mutation under selection pressure. Although the HIV proteins, gag and pol, are relatively conserved, these sequences generate low-affinity MHC-associated epitopes that are poorly immunogenic. Here, we applied an(More)
The N-myc downstream-regulated gene-1 (NDRG1) has recently been proposed as a metastasis suppressor, but its precise role remains unclear. To investigate whether NDRG1 can indeed influence the metastasis progress, expression of endogenous NDRG1 was knocked down in human AGS gastric adenocarcinoma cells using RNA interference. Stable NDRG1 "silenced"(More)
INTRODUCTION Autoantibody-induced complement activation, which causes disruption of the postsynaptic membrane, is recognized as a key pathogenic factor in myasthenia gravis (MG). Therefore, specific targeting of complement inhibitors to the site of complement activation is a potential therapeutic strategy for treatment of MG. METHODS We assessed(More)
Hantaan virus (HTNV) is the type of Hantavirus causing hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome, for which no specific therapeutics are available so far. Cell type-specific internalizing antibodies can be used to deliver therapeutics intracellularly to target cell and thus, have potential application in anti-HTNV infection. To achieve intracellular delivery of(More)