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Fermions--elementary particles such as electrons--are classified as Dirac, Majorana or Weyl. Majorana and Weyl fermions had not been observed experimentally until the recent discovery of condensed matter systems such as topological superconductors and semimetals, in which they arise as low-energy excitations. Here we propose the existence of a previously(More)
This study evaluated the predictive role of 1D, 2D and 3D quantitative, enhancement-based MRI regarding overall survival (OS) in patients with colorectal liver metastases (CLM) following intra-arterial therapies (IAT). This retrospective analysis included 29 patients who underwent transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) or radioembolization and received MRI(More)
OBJECTIVES To utilize radiosensitivity testing to improve early diagnosis of patients with ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T). STUDY DESIGN We established normal ranges for the colony survival assay (CSA) by testing cells from 104 patients with typical A-T, 29 phenotypic normal patients, and 19 A-T heterozygotes. We also analyzed 61 samples from patients(More)
Inflammatory responses in the CNS mediated by activated glial cells play an important role in host-defense but are also involved in the development of neurodegenerative diseases. Resveratrol is a natural polyphenolic compound that has cardioprotective, anticancer and anti-inflammatory properties. We investigated the capacity of resveratrol to protect(More)
BACKGROUND Although understanding of physiological interactions between plasmid DNA and its host is important for vector design and host optimization in many biotechnological applications, to our knowledge, global studies on plasmid-host interactions have not been performed to date even for well-characterized plasmids. RESULTS Escherichia coli cells,(More)
Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) are a heterogeneous family of myeloid cells that suppress T cell immunity in tumor-bearing hosts. In patients with colon cancer, MDSCs have recently been described as Lin(-/low)HLA-DR(-)CD11b(+)CD33(+) cells correlating with cancer stage, metastasis and chemotherapy response. To learn in more detail the dynamic(More)
Leptospirosis is a serious infection disease caused by pathogenic strains of the Leptospira spirochetes, which affects not only humans but also animals. It has long been expected to find an effective vaccine to prevent leptospirosis through immunization of high risk humans or animals. Although some leptospirosis vaccines have been obtained, the vaccination(More)
A dwarf mutant from Brassica napus, namely NDF-1, which was derived from a high doubled haploid (DH) line ‘3529’(Brassica napus L.) of which seeds were jointly treated with chemical inducers and fast neutron bombardment, was revealed that dwarfism is under the control of a major gene(designated as ndf1) with a mainly additive effect and non-significant(More)
DNA replication licensing is now understood to be the pathway that leads to the assembly of double hexamers of minichromosome maintenance (Mcm2-7) at origin sites. Cell division control protein 45 (Cdc45) and GINS proteins activate the latent Mcm2-7 helicase by inducing allosteric changes through binding, forming a Cdc45/Mcm2-7/GINS (CMG) complex that is(More)
It has been previously observed that various ColE1-like plasmids replicate differentially in Escherichia coli cells during the relaxed response to amino acid starvation. Here we develop a kinetic model to explain these observations based on the possibility of interaction of the 3' CCA-OH sequence with the UGG triplets in loops of RNA I and RNA II encoded by(More)