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BACKGROUND Hypercholesterolemia and sickle cell disease (SCD) impair endothelium-dependent vasodilation by dissimilar mechanisms. Hypercholesterolemia impairs vasodilation by a low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-dependent mechanism. SCD has been characterized as a chronic state of inflammation in which xanthine oxidase (XO) from ischemic tissues increases(More)
Previously we showed L-4F, a novel apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) mimetic, improved vasodilation in 2 dissimilar models of vascular disease: hypercholesterolemic LDL receptor-null (Ldlr(-/-)) mice and transgenic sickle cell disease mice. Here we determine the mechanisms by which D-4F improves vasodilation and arterial wall thickness in hypercholesterolemic(More)
BACKGROUND Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) impairs endothelial cell function by uncoupling endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) activity, which allows superoxide anion (O2*-)) to be generated rather than nitric oxide (*NO). Recent reports indicate that apolipoprotein (apo) A-1 mimetics inhibit the development of atherosclerotic lesions in LDL(More)
Trichloroetheylene (TRI) is an environmental pollutant that has been linked to congenital heart defects (CHD). Endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) generation of nitric oxide (NO) plays an important role in endothelial cell proliferation, which is considered essential for normal blood vessel growth and development. We hypothesized that TRI alters the(More)
Vaso-occlusive events are the major source of morbidity and mortality in sickle cell disease (SCD); however, the pathogenic mechanisms driving these events remain unclear. Using hypoxia to induce pulmonary injury, we investigated mechanisms by which sickle hemoglobin increases susceptibility to lung injury in a murine model of SCD, where mice either(More)
Dual increases in nitric oxide ((*)NO) and superoxide anion (O(2)(*-)) production are one of the hallmarks of endothelial cell proliferation. Increased expression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) has been shown to play an important role in maintaining high levels of (*)NO generation to offset the increase in O(2)(*-) that occurs during(More)
An increase in the association of heat shock protein 90 (HSP90) with endothelial nitric oxide (NO) synthase (eNOS) is well recognized for increasing NO (NO*) production. Despite the progress in this field, the mechanisms by which HSP90 modulates eNOS remain unclear due, in part, to the fact that geldanamycin (GA) redox cycles to generate superoxide anion(More)
Typically, endothelial cells are difficult to transfect. In this study, we report that antennapedia peptide (AP) linked to L-4F, a water-soluble, amphipathic alpha helical peptide that avidly binds lipids (AP-4F) increases Lipofectamine 2000-mediated transfection of bovine coronary endothelial cell cultures. Transfection efficiency was monitored by flow(More)
Introduction: Bone remodeling is a well coupled biological process of bone resorption and bone formation, which is predominantly regulated by mechanical load. Recent years, osteocytes, the most abundant cell population in bone, have been evidenced to be playing a key role in the modulation of bone remodeling. As a form of mechanical stimulation, low(More)
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