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Recently significant performance improvement in face detection was made possible by deeply trained convolutional networks. In this report, a novel approach for training state-of-the-art face detector is described. The key is to exploit the idea of hard negative mining and iteratively update the Faster R-CNN based face detector with the hard negatives(More)
A novel OSPGYRP gene encoding a rice proline-, glycine- and tyrosine-rich protein was isolated from cold-stress treated rice seedlings using suppression subtractive hybridization. Both amino acid sequence analysis and subcellular localization confirm that OsPGYRP is a novel protein involved in vesicle trafficking. The expression of the OSPGYRP gene was(More)
Of 26 tigecycline-nonsusceptible Klebsiella pneumoniae (TNSKP) clinical isolates, 25 had nonsynonymous mutations in ramR and/or acrR (23 in ramR and 10 in acrR). Eight TNSKP isolates possessed overexpression of ramA, acrB, rarA, and oqxB simultaneously, while 8 and 1 TNSKP strains had upregulation of ramA and acrB and of rarA and oqxB, respectively. Thus,(More)
The glutamate transporter GLT-1 is primarily responsible for glutamate clearance in the spinal cord. beta-Lactam antibiotics have been shown to attenuate neuropathic pain behaviors by promoting GLT-1 expression and function in the CNS. The present study tested the hypothesis that ceftriaxone, a prototype beta-lactam antibiotic, can prevent the development(More)
OBJECTIVE MicroRNA-100 (miR-100) has been demonstrated to be downregulated in bladder cancer tissues, and enforced expression of this miRNA may inhibit cell growth and colony formation of human bladder cancer 5637 cells in vitro. However, the clinical significance of miR-100 in human bladder cancer has not yet been elucidated. Thus, the aim of this study(More)
Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is widely recognized as a complex disorder with a strong genetic predisposition. In previous studies, a number of extracellular matrixes (ECMs) related genes have been duplicated as candidate genes for AIS. Matrilin-1 plays an important role in the organization of the ECM, and matrilin-1 gene (MATN1) mutant mice showed(More)
MicroRNA (miRNA or miR)‑485 is a functional miRNA which has received much attention in recent years. However, little is known about the expression of miR‑485 or the role it plays in bladder cancer [namely in metastasis and epithelial‑mesenchymal transition (EMT)]. Thus, in the present study, we aimed to detect the expression of miR‑485 in human bladder(More)
Little is known about the regulatory T cells (Tregs) in the peripheral blood after surgery of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. In this study, we investigated whether CD4+CD25+FOXP3+ and CD8+CD28- regulatory T cells are decreased in the peripheral blood of NSCLC patients undergoing surgery. The study group (n = 49) comprised NSCLC, and the(More)
The designation and presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers and boundaries. All rights(More)
Leniency programs contribute to destabilizing collusion, however offering generous leniency might risk being exploited to perverse effects. This paper develops a simple model to resolve this trade-off in the design of leniency programs, which allows us to relate the optimal leniency policies to the frequency and effectiveness of investigations. We show that(More)