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A rapid, simple, and strongly selective miniaturized solid phase extraction (SPE) technique, requiring only small amounts of sorbent (24 mg) and elution solvent (600 μL), coupled with ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography and quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry was developed for detecting tetracycline antibiotics. These analytes were extracted(More)
This study reports a sweeping and micelle to solvent stacking (MSS) method for fast stacking of nitroimidazoles in capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE). The optimal experimental conditions are run buffer of 25mM sodium phosphate (pH 1.5) and 0.50% (v/v) methanol, micellar solution of 30mM sodium dodecyl sulfate, applied voltage of 28kV, and sample and(More)
An important characteristic of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) symbiosis is the transfer of phosphate (Pi) from AM fungi to plants, and this transfer is facilitated by plasma membrane-spanning phosphate transporter (PT) proteins. Five Nicotiana tabacum PT genes (NtPT), members of Pht1 family, express in the root. However, the ways these genes contribute to the(More)
A mass spectrometry-based methodology has been developed to study changes in core-fucosylation of serum ceruloplasmin that are site-specific between cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The serum samples studied for these changes were from patients affected by cirrhosis or HCC with different etiologies, including alcohol, hepatitis B virus, or(More)
Pancreatic cancer is a lethal disease where specific early detection biomarkers would be very valuable to improve outcomes in patients. Many previous studies have compared biosamples from pancreatic cancer patients with healthy controls to find potential biomarkers. However, a range of related disease conditions can influence the performance of these(More)
A mass spectrometry-based methodology has been developed to screen for changes in site-specific core-fucosylation (CF) of serum proteins in early stage HCC with different etiologies. The methods involve depletion of high-abundance proteins, trypsin digestion of medium-to-low-abundance proteins into peptides, iTRAQ labeling, and Lens culinaris Agglutinin(More)
Glycosylation has significant effects on protein function and cell metastasis, which are important in cancer progression. It is of great interest to identify site-specific glycosylation in search of potential cancer biomarkers. However, the abundance of glycopeptides is low compared to that of nonglycopeptides after trypsin digestion of serum samples, and(More)
Thy-1 (CD90) has been shown to be a potential marker for several different types of cancer. However, reports on CD90 expression in pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PanIN) lesions are still limited where PanINs are the most important precursor lesion of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Herein, we investigate candidate markers for PanIN lesions(More)
In this work, we compared the use of repeated cycles of centrifugation at conventional speeds for enrichment of exosomes from human serum compared to the use of ultracentrifugation (UC). After removal of cells and cell debris, a speed of 110 000 × g or 40 000 × g was used for the UC or centrifugation enrichment process, respectively. The enriched exosomes(More)
Accumulating evidence has demonstrated that breast cancers are initiated and develop from a small population of stem-like cells termed cancer stem cells (CSCs). These cells are hypothesized to mediate tumor metastasis and contribute to therapeutic resistance. However, the molecular regulatory networks responsible for maintaining CSCs in an undifferentiated(More)